Worksheet: States of Matter

In this worksheet, we will practice describing the transitions between the three most common states of matter on the surface of the Earth: solid, liquid, and gas.

Q1:

Which of the following states of matter are fluids?

  1. Solid
  2. Liquid
  3. Gas
  • Aa and b
  • Bb and c
  • Ca and c

Q2:

The diagram shows water in its three different states: ice, liquid water, and steam.

What word is used to describe liquid water changing to ice?

  • AMelting
  • BFreezing
  • CBoiling
  • DSublimating
  • ECondensing

What word is used to describe liquid water changing to steam?

  • AMelting
  • BCondensing
  • CEvaporating
  • DSublimating
  • EFreezing

Under certain conditions, ice can skip the liquid phase entirely and become steam. What word is used to describe this?

  • AMelting
  • BSublimating
  • CEvaporating
  • DCondensing
  • EBoiling

Q3:

Heating a substance increases the of the substance, which leads to a or a .

  • Adensity, change in the mass of the substance, change in state
  • Binternal energy, change in temperature, change in state
  • Cdensity, change in temperature, change in state
  • Dinternal energy, change in temperature, change in mass of the substance
  • Einternal energy, change in mass of the substance, change in state

Q4:

Which of the following correctly describes what is meant by “evaporating?”

  • A“Evaporating” is the process of a substance changing from a solid to a liquid.
  • B“Evaporating” is the process of cooling a substance to 0C.
  • C“Evaporating” is the process of a substance changing from a liquid to a gas.
  • D“Evaporating” is the process of heating a substance to 100C.
  • E“Evaporating” is the process of a substance changing from a gas to a liquid.

Q5:

Which of the following correctly describes what is meant by “freezing?”

  • A“Freezing” is the process of cooling a substance below 0C.
  • B“Freezing” is the process of a substance changing from a solid to a liquid.
  • C“Freezing” is the process of a substance changing from a liquid to a solid.
  • D“Freezing” is the process of cooling a substance to absolute 0.
  • E“Freezing” is the process of a substance changing from a gas to a liquid.

Q6:

What word describes a substance changing from a gas to a liquid?

  • AMelting
  • BCondensing
  • CEvaporating
  • DFreezing
  • EBoiling

Q7:

What word describes a substance changing from a solid to a liquid?

  • ASublimating
  • BMelting
  • CFreezing
  • DCondensing
  • EEvaporating

Q8:

Some water vapor in a container is cooled. It first condenses to become water and then freezes to become ice. The temperature of the contents of the container are recorded every minute, and the results are shown in the graph.

What state was the water in between 0 and 5 minutes?

  • ASolid
  • BGas
  • CLiquid

What state was the water vapor in between 40 and 45 minutes?

  • ALiquid
  • BGas
  • CSolid

What word describes what is happening between 5 and 15 minutes?

  • ASublimation
  • BEvaporation
  • CCondensation
  • DMelting
  • EFreezing

What word describes what is happening between 35 and 40 minutes?

  • AFreezing
  • BEvaporation
  • CSublimation
  • DCondensation
  • EMelting

Q9:

Some ice is placed in a beaker and heated using a Bunsen burner. It eventually melts and becomes water. The water is then heated until it is boiling. The temperature of the contents of the beaker is recorded every minute, and the results are shown in the graph.

What state was the water in between 0 and 5 minutes?

  • ALiquid
  • BGas
  • CSolid

What state was the water in between 10 and 30 minutes?

  • ASolid
  • BLiquid
  • CGas

Between 30 and 40 minutes, the water was undergoing a change of state. Which word is used to describe this change of state?

  • ACondensation
  • BSublimation
  • CEvaporation/boiling
  • DMelting

Q10:

The graph shows the temperature of nitrogen in a container as it is cooled. The nitrogen starts as a gas at room temperature, is cooled to a liquid, and then finally turns to a solid.

What is the boiling point of nitrogen to the nearest degree Celsius?

What is the melting point of nitrogen to the nearest degree Celsius?

Q11:

Some gold is placed in a ceramic container, and then it is heated in a furnace. The temperature of the gold is measured every minute using a thermal-imaging camera, and the results are shown in the table.

Time (Minutes) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Temperature (C) 19 219 419 619 819 1,019 1,064 1,064 1,064 1,157 1,339

What state was the gold in between minutes 0 and 5?

  • AGas
  • BSolid
  • CLiquid

What state was the gold in between minutes 9 and 10?

  • ASolid
  • BLiquid
  • CGas

What word describes what happens between minutes 6 and 8?

  • AMelting
  • BSolidifying
  • CCondensing
  • DEvaporating
  • ESublimating

Q12:

Some silver in a graphite crucible is allowed to cool from 1,000C. The temperature of the silver is measured every minute using a thermal-imaging camera, and the results are shown in the table.

Time (Minutes) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Temperature (C) 1,000 962 962 962 910 760 610 460 310 160 20

What was the state of the silver between minutes 0 and 1?

  • ASolid
  • BLiquid
  • CGas

What was the state of the silver between minutes 4 and 10?

  • ASolid
  • BGas
  • CLiquid

What word describes what happens between minutes 1 and 3?

  • ASublimation
  • BCondensing
  • CEvaporating
  • DSolidifying
  • EMelting

Q13:

Each of the following diagrams represents how atoms in a material are positioned relative to one another. Which diagram represents a liquid?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E

Q14:

Each of the following diagrams represents how atoms in a material are positioned relative to one another. Which diagram represents a solid?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E

Q15:

The diagram shows three different substances at three different temperatures and in three different states of matter. For which substance is the average kinetic energy of the molecules that make it up greatest?

  • ASubstance B
  • BSubstance C
  • CIt is not possible to know from the available information.
  • DSubstance A

Q16:

The diagram shows water in three different states of matter.