Worksheet: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids

In this worksheet, we will practice describing, comparing, and explaining the physical and chemical properties of metals, nonmetals, and metalloids.

Q1:

Which property of a metal allows it to be hammered or rolled into thin sheets?

  • AStrength
  • BDuctility
  • CMalleability
  • DMelting point
  • EConductivity

Q2:

Which of the following properties is not commonly associated with a metal?

  • AMalleability
  • BBrittleness
  • CDuctility
  • DElectrical conductivity
  • EShininess

Q3:

Which property of a metal allows it to be drawn into long, thin wires?

  • ADuctility
  • BStrength
  • CConductivity
  • DMalleability
  • EMelting point

Q4:

The properties of five metals AE are shown in the bar chart.

Which metal is most likely to be copper?

  • AE
  • BC
  • CD
  • DB
  • EA

Which metal is most likely to be aluminum?

  • AA
  • BB
  • CE
  • DD
  • EC

Which metal is most likely to be steel?

  • AD
  • BE
  • CC
  • DB
  • EA

Which metal is most likely to be lead?

  • AB
  • BD
  • CE
  • DA
  • EC

Q5:

Which structural property of metals is responsible for their electrical conductivity?

  • ALarge and variable ionic charges
  • BHighly ordered lattice structure
  • CDelocalization of valence electrons
  • DStrong electrostatic attraction of valence electrons
  • ESusceptibility of atoms to ionization

Q6:

Which of the following is not a common property of metals?

  • AHigh electrical conductivity
  • BHigh melting point
  • CHigh thermal conductivity
  • DBright color
  • EHigh mechanical strength

Q7:

Which of the following is not a common property of non-metals?

  • ABrittleness
  • BPoor electrical conductance
  • CPoor thermal conductance
  • DLow density
  • EShine

Q8:

Which of the following statements does not accurately describe a comparison between nickel and sulfur?

  • ANickel is denser than sulfur.
  • BNickel is stronger than sulfur.
  • CNickel is more ductile than sulfur.
  • DNickel has a higher melting point than sulfur.
  • ENickel is softer than sulfur.

Q9:

Which of the following is not a common use of metalloids?

  • AMetalloids can be shaped into drill bits.
  • BMetalloids are used in electronics.
  • CMetalloids can be used as catalysts.
  • DMetalloids are a part of flame-retardant compounds.
  • EMetalloids act as semiconductors.

Q10:

Which structural property of metals is responsible for their hardness?

  • ADelocalized electrons exist between the particles in the metal.
  • BThe particles in the metal are held together by strong metallic bonds.
  • CThe particles in the metal have a regular arrangement.
  • DThe layers of particles in the metal can slide over each other.
  • EThe particles are part of a giant lattice.

Q11:

Which structural property of metals is responsible for their density?

  • AThe particles of the metals are held together by strong bonds.
  • BThe particles in the metals are closely packed together.
  • CThe particles are part of a giant lattice.
  • DThe layers of particles in the metals can slide over each other.
  • EDelocalized electrons exist between the particles of the metals.

Q12:

Which of the following elements is not a metalloid?

  • AMagnesium
  • BArsenic
  • CGermanium
  • DBoron
  • EAntimony

Q13:

Which of the following is not a property that explains why chromium is used to electroplate steel?

  • ALow density
  • BCorrosion-resistant
  • CLight
  • DStrong
  • ELow melting point

Q14:

What are the two classes of elements indicated by the yellow and green colored parts in the following periodic table?

  • AMetals and gases
  • BMetalloids and metals
  • CMetals and nonmetals
  • DMetalloids and nonmetals
  • ENonmetals and gases

Q15:

Which of the following is not a property of mercury?

  • AHigh density
  • BHigh melting point
  • CHeat conductivity
  • DBright luster
  • ELow melting point

Q16:

Which of the following is not a property of graphite?

  • ANonductile
  • BLow density
  • CElectrical insulator
  • DBrittle
  • ENonmalleable

Q17:

Which of the following metals has the highest melting point?

  • ASodium
  • BPotassium
  • CMercury
  • DMagnesium
  • ETungsten

Q18:

The given statements represent coordinates on the periodic table. At which one of these coordinates is there an element that is not a nonmetal?

  • AGroup 16, period 6
  • BGroup 17, period 3
  • CGroup 18, period 1
  • DGroup 14, period 4
  • EGroup 15, period 2

Q19:

Which structural property of metals is responsible for their ductility and malleability?

  • AThe particles in the metal are closely packed together.
  • BDelocalized electrons exist between the particles in the metal.
  • CThe layers of particles in the metal can slide over each other.
  • DThe particles in the metal are held together by strong bonds.
  • EThe particles are part of a giant lattice.

Q20:

When comparing cesium and silicon, which of the following comparisons is correct?

  • ACesium is brittle, while silicon is hard.
  • BCesium is malleable, while silicon is ductile.
  • CCesium is dull, while silicon is brittle.
  • DCesium is a semiconductor of heat, while silicon is a good conductor.
  • ECesium is malleable, while silicon is inductile.

Q21:

When comparing iron and carbon, which of the following comparisons is incorrect?

  • AIron is ductile, while carbon is brittle.
  • BIron is sonorous, while carbon is not.
  • CIron is malleable, while carbon is an electric insulator.
  • DIron is brittle, while carbon is ductile.
  • EIron is malleable, while carbon is insonorous.

Q22:

Which of the following is considered a metalloid?

  • AGallium
  • BSodium
  • CFluorine
  • DGermanium
  • EChlorine

Q23:

Which of the following is not a property of the metalloid silicon?

  • AIt has metallic luster.
  • BIt is solid at room temperature.
  • CIt is brittle.
  • DIt has poor thermal conductivity.
  • EIt is liquid at room temperature.

Q24:

Which property of a metal allows it to produce sound when struck?

  • AElectrical conductivity
  • BDuctility
  • CShininess
  • DSonority
  • EMalleability

Q25:

Which group of elements are generally hard, dense, and shiny and conduct electricity?

  • AMetalloids
  • BTransition metals
  • CNoble gases
  • DHalogens
  • ENonmetals

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