# Worksheet: Reaction Masses from Formula Mass Ratios

In this worksheet, we will practice calculating the masses of reactants and products using the ratios of their relative formula masses.

**Q1: **

Methane burns in oxygen according to the following equation:

What is the molar ratio of methane to oxygen?

- A
- B
- C
- D
- E

What is the molar ratio of methane to carbon dioxide?

- A
- B
- C
- D
- E

What is the molar ratio of oxygen to water?

- A
- B
- C
- D
- E

**Q2: **

Methane burns in oxygen according to the equation: The molar mass of methane is 16 g/mol, and the molar mass of molecular oxygen is 32 g/mol.

What is the ratio of the molar masses of methane and oxygen?

- A
- B
- C
- D
- E

What is the ratio of the mass of methane to the mass of oxygen in this reaction?

- A
- B
- C
- D
- E

What mass of oxygen is needed to for 1 g of methane to completely react?

**Q3: **

Sodium oxide reacts with hydrochloric acid to produce sodium chloride and water, according to the equation:

What is the molar ratio of to ?

- A
- B
- C
- D
- E

What is the molar mass of to two significant figures?

What mass of is required for 2.5 g of to completely react?

**Q4: **

Carbon tetrachloride can be synthesized by reacting chlorine with methane according to the equation: If 8.0 g of is produced, what mass of methane is consumed?

**Q5: **

Butane burns completely in oxygen according to the equation: If 44 g of carbon dioxide is produced in this reaction, how much oxygen is consumed?

**Q6: **

Magnesium and chlorine react together vigorously, producing magnesium chloride according to the following equation:

What is the relative atomic mass of magnesium, to the nearest gram per mole?

How many moles of magnesium atoms are there in 6.0 g of magnesium?

How many moles of magnesium chloride are produced when 6.0 g of magnesium reacts completely with chlorine?

What is the relative formula mass of magnesium chloride, to the nearest gram per mole?

How many grams of magnesium chloride are produced when 6.0 g of magnesium reacts completely with chlorine?