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Lesson Worksheet: Factors Affecting Climate Science

In this worksheet, we will practice describing the factors that affect climate, such as a location’s proximity to bodies of water, distance from the equator, and elevation.

Q1:

Look at the weather data tables for Sacramento, California and Luxor, Egypt.

Sacramento: Average Precipitation
Month Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.
Precipitation (mm)98907126145129235662
Luxor: Average Precipitation
Month Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Year
Precipitation (mm)0000000001001

Which city is farther from a large body of water?

  • ASacramento
  • BLuxor

How do you know that this city is farther from a large body of water?

  • ABecause it has more precipitation
  • BBecause it has less precipitation

Q2:

Look at the weather data tables for Sacramento, California (USA) and Luxor, Egypt.

Sacramento: Average Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature (C)121619232630353229251712
Sacramento: Average Precipitation
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 98 90 71 26 14 5 1 2 9 23 56 62
Luxor: Average Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Minimum (C)781317212325242217149
Maximum (C)242629343942424038332825
Luxor: Average Precipitation
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec year
Precipitation (mm) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1

Which city gets more rain?

  • ALuxor
  • BSacramento

Which city has a hotter climate?

  • ALuxor
  • BSacramento

Q3:

Look at the world map. Four different cities are labeled.

What kind of climate does city 4 have?

  • AHot
  • BWarm
  • CCold

Fill in the blank to explain why: It has this climate because it is the equator.

  • Afarthest from
  • Bclosest to

Q4:

Look at the weather data tables for Sacramento, California (USA) and Luxor, Egypt.

Sacramento: Average Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Temperature (C) 121619232630353229251712
Sacramento: Average Precipitation
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Precipitation (mm) 98 90 71 26 14 5 1 2 9 23 56 62
Luxor: Average Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature (C) 242629343942424038332825
Luxor: Average Precipitation
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Precipitation (mm)0000000001001

Which of the following statements about the climates of the two cities is false?

  • ALuxor is hotter than Sacramento in the summer months.
  • BSacramento gets much more precipitation throughout the year than Luxor.
  • CSacramento is cooler during the winter months than Luxor.
  • DBoth cities are equally hot in the summer months.

Q5:

Look at the map of Egypt.

Based on the map shown, you can see that Tanta is about 75 km away from the nearest body of water, while Luxor is 175 km away from the nearest body of water.

Which city would receive more precipitation?

  • ATanta
  • BLuxor

Why would this city receive more precipitation?

  • ABecause it is a desert
  • BBecause it is closer to a large body of water
  • CBecause it is farther from a large body of water

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