Lesson Worksheet: Multiplying a Three-Digit Number by a One-Digit Number: Column Method Mathematics • 4th Grade

In this worksheet, we will practice using the standard algorithm to multiply a three-digit number by a one-digit number.

Q1:

Is the calculation 2×4×629=5,012 correct?

  • ANo
  • BYes

Q2:

Is the calculation 876×9=7,444 correct?

  • AYes
  • BNo

Q3:

Arrange the solutions of these expressions in ascending order.

  • A5,992,3,297,1,323,1,224
  • B1,218,1,314,3,290,5,984
  • C1,224,1,323,3,297,5,992
  • D5,984,3,290,1,314,1,218

Q4:

Find the product. 292×3

Q5:

Find the product. 316×3

Q6:

What is the number that can replace the question mark? 231×?462

Q7:

If the price of one pen is $5, what is the price of 756 pens?

Q8:

A girl buys 2 meters of cloth. If the price of cloth is $234 per meter, how much does she pay?

Q9:

Look at how Sophia multiplied 432 by 6.

Use this method to find 456×4.

Q10:

This robot multiplies any number by 2 to get an answer. What is the answer in the following case?

Q11:

The product of 569 and a one-digit number has the digit 6 in the ones place. What digit does it have in the tens place? Use regrouping to help you find your answer.

Q12:

Consider the following multiplication: 413×2

What is the product?

Q13:

Mason wants to find the answer to 825×3. 825×3

He uses regrouping to help.

Fill in the blanks:

To find the digit in the tens place of his answer, Mason will need to multiply by and then add .

  • A2, 3, 5
  • B1, 2, 3
  • C1, 5, 3
  • D2, 3, 1
  • E5, 3, 1

Q14:

Ethan wants to multiply a three-digit number by a one-digit number.

The three-digit number has a 0 in the ones place, but not in the tens place. 0×

Which of these statements about Ethan’s answer will be true?

  • AIt will have a zero in the tens place.
  • BIt will have a zero in the ones place.
  • CThe digit in the tens place will be greater than zero.
  • DThe digit in the ones place will be greater than zero.

Q15:

Scarlett wants to multiply a three-digit number by a one-digit number.

The three-digit number has a 0 in the tens place: 0×

Will Scarlett’s answer have a 0 in the tens place too?

  • ANo, there is no chance her answer will have a 0 in the tens place.
  • BYes, her answer will definitely have a 0 in the tens place.
  • CHer answer might have a 0 in the tens place, only if she needs to regroup some ones.
  • DHer answer might have a 0 in the tens place, only if she does not need to regroup any ones.

Q16:

Chloe says, “When multiplying 314 by 2, I do not need to regroup at all.”

Is Chloe’s statement true or false?

  • AFalse
  • BTrue

Q17:

Mia will regroup to help solve the multiplication problem below: 519×2

After Mia has multiplied the ones, how many tens will she have to regroup?

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