Worksheet: Properties of Matter

In this worksheet, we will practice identifying different properties of materials.


A class tested how absorbent different paper towels are.

Which towel was the most absorbent?

Hint: Which towel soaked up the most water?

Paper Towel A B C D
Amount of Water Absorbed (ml) 33 42 50 37
  • ATowel B
  • BTowel A
  • CTowel C


A class tested different materials to see which were waterproof. They recorded their results in a table.

Material Cotton Nylon Wool Rubber
Waterproof No No No Yes

Use the table to identify which material would be best to make a waterproof jacket or a raincoat.

  • ARubber
  • BNylon
  • CWool
  • DCotton


A class tested different materials (fabrics) to see which are waterproof. They used a dropper to squeeze 5 drops of water onto each piece of fabric and then observed if these drops were absorbed by the fabric.

Their results are shown in the table.

Type of Fabric Number of Drops on Top of the Fabric Is It Waterproof? (Yes/No)
Cotton 0 No
Wool 0 No
Rubber 5 Yes
Nylon 0 No

Which material is the best to use to make a rain boot?

Hint: Use the table to help you.

  • AWool
  • BCotton
  • CNylon
  • DRubber


A class were testing materials to find the best thermal insulator to make a coffee cup.

They placed boiling water (100 degrees Celsius) in a beaker and covered the beaker with each of the materials.

They checked the temperature of the water after five minutes.

Material Metal foil Polystyrene Paper Cardboard
Temperature of Water after 5 Minutes (Degrees Celsius) 80 95 75 75

Which of the materials tested is the best thermal insulator?

  • APolystyrene
  • BCardboard
  • CMetal foil
  • DPaper

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