Lesson Worksheet: The Geosphere and Its Features Science • 5th Grade

In this worksheet, we will practice identifying the features of the geosphere and describing how they are formed.


Select the correct term for the following definition: it is a region where molten rock in the mantle breaks through to Earth’s crust.

  • AEarth’s core
  • BVolcano
  • CLandslide
  • DHot spot
  • EGeosphere


Which of the following can cause landslides to happen?

  • AHuman activities
  • BHeavy rainfall
  • CVolcanic eruptions
  • DEarthquakes
  • EAll of the answers are correct.


True or False: The lithosphere is not uniform throughout the geosphere; it can be thin under the oceans but thick under continents.

  • ATrue
  • BFalse


Fill in the blank: An Earth system that includes rocks, soil, and sediments is called the .

  • Ahydrosphere
  • Bgeosphere
  • Catmosphere
  • Dbiosphere


The following photo shows the Himalayas, which were formed by the motion of Earth plates pushing together and forcing the crust upward.

snow mountains in the Himalayas of Nepal

Which type of mountains are the Himalayas?

  • AVolcanic mountains
  • BFolded mountains
  • CFault block mountains


Daniel and Elizabeth are discussing the formation of the Hawaiian Islands.

Who is correct?

  • AElizabeth
  • BDaniel


The photo shows the basic formation of fault block mountains.

Select the correct plate movement that forms fault block mountains.

  • AOne plate pushing under another
  • BTwo plates moving apart from each other
  • CTwo plates sliding past each other
  • DTwo plates pushing together


In the photo, the arrow is pointing to the outer part of the geosphere that consists of the crust and the uppermost solid mantle.

What does the arrow point to?

  • ALithosphere
  • BGeosphere
  • CBiosphere
  • DAtmosphere


The following is a volcano that has not erupted recently but may erupt in the future.

Typical dormant volcano (Costa Rica, La Fortuna)

Fill in the blank: The above volcano is known as volcano.

  • Aa dormant
  • Ban extinct
  • Can active


The photo shows a volcano that has recently erupted.

The volcano

Fill in the blank: The volcano that has recently erupted is known as volcano.

  • Aan active
  • Ban extinct
  • Ca dormant

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