# Worksheet: Angles of Elevation and Depression

In this worksheet, we will practice solving real-world problems that involve angles of elevation and depression.

**Q1: **

A building is 8 meters tall. The angle of elevation from the top of the building to the top of a tree is and the angle of depression from the top of the building to the base of the tree is . Find the distance between the base of the building and the base of the tree giving the answer to two decimal places.

**Q2: **

The height of a lighthouse is 60 meters. The angles of elevation between two boats in the sea and the top of the lighthouse are and , respectively. Given that the two boats and the base of the lighthouse are colinear and that the boats are both on the same side of the lighthouse, find the distance between the two boats giving the answer to the nearest meter.

**Q3: **

A ladder is leaning against a wall where the upper end is 4.5 m high from the ground. The angle of inclination of the ladder to the ground is . Find the length of the ladder giving the answer to two decimal places.

**Q4: **

In the given diagram of a ladder leaning against a wall, which of the following angles represents the ladder’s angle of elevation?

- A
- B
- C

**Q6: **

Anthony and Victoria want to find the height of a statue. Anthony stands 5 meters from the base of the statue and measures the angle of elevation, from the ground, to be . Victoria stands directly behind Anthony, she measures the angle of elevation, from the ground, to be . They both calculate the same height for the statue. How far behind Anthony must Victoria be standing? Give your solution to two decimal places.

**Q7: **

Amelia and Noah stand at the base of a building on a flat, level ground. They both look up at a television antenna fixed at the top of the building. Amelia stands 30 feet from a point at the base of the building and Noah stands 25 feet away from that point. The angle of elevation from the floor where Amelia stands to the TV antenna is . Answer the following, giving your solutions to two decimal places.

Work out the height of the building.

Work out the angle of elevation from the point where Noah stands to the TV antenna.

**Q10: **

A ship was approaching a 49-meter-high lighthouse. At point , the angle of elevation to the top of the lighthouse was 0.44 rad, and, 12 minutes later, at point , it was 0.3 rad. Find the uniform speed of the ship from to giving the answer in meters per minute to one decimal place.

**Q11: **

A body’s angle of depression from the top of a tower 77 meters tall is . Find the distance between the body and the base of the tower given both the body and the tower’s base are located on the same horizontal level. Give the answer to the nearest meter.

**Q12: **

The angle of elevation to the top of a skyscraper from a 30 m high house is . The base of the house is 45 meters away from the base of the skyscraper. Find the height of the skyscraper giving the answer to two decimal places.

**Q13: **

Two points on the ground lie collinearly on either side of a flagpole 29 meters tall. The angles of elevation from the two points to the top of the flagpole are and . Find the distance between the two points giving the answer to one decimal place.

**Q14: **

A man was standing on the ground 28 m away from the base of a tower that had a flagpole on its top. He measured the angles of elevation of the top and the base of the flagpole and found them to be and respectively. Find the height of the flagpole, giving the answer to the nearest meter, neglecting the height of the man.

**Q15: **

A point on the ground lies 129 meters away from the base of a tower. The angle of elevation from the point to the top of the tower is . Find the additional height of the tower needed for the angle of elevation to be from the point. Give the answer to the nearest meter.

**Q16: **

Two points on the ground lie collinearly on either side of a flagpole 5 meters tall. The angles of elevation from the two points to the top of the flagpole are and . Find the distance between the two points in meters, giving the answer correct to one decimal place.

**Q17: **

Chloe wants to calculate the height of a tree in her garden. She stands at a perpendicular distance of 20 meters from the base of the tree. Using a clinometer, she measures the angle of elevation from the ground to the top of the tree as . Work out the height of the tree. Give your solution to two decimal places.

**Q19: **

A man was standing 25 m away from the base of a tower with a flagpole at the top. He measured the angles of elevation of the top and the base of the flagpole to be and respectively. Find the height of the flagpole accurate to two decimal places.

**Q22: **

What percentage grade should a road have if the angle of elevation of the road is 4 degrees? The percentage grade is defined as the change in the altitude of the road over a 100-foot horizontal distance. For example, a grade means that the road rises 5 feet for every 100 feet of horizontal distance.

**Q23: **

A climber is stranded on a cliff face. A rescue team leaves immediately from their base, which is at an altitude of 1 mile, and heads directly towards the climber. When the team left the base the angle of elevation from them to the climber was . After walking for 0.5 miles on flat ground directly towards the stranded climber, the angle of elevation was . What is the altitude of the climber in miles? Round your answer to one decimal place.

**Q24: **

The distance between two control towers is 1,637 meters. An airplane is departing the airport and momentarily it is directly above the straight line between and . At this moment, the angles of elevation from the bases of towers and are and , respectively. Find the altitude of the plane, giving the answer to the nearest meter.