Worksheet: Erosion: Wind and Water

In this worksheet, we will practice identifying water and wind erosion and their effect on Earth's surface.

Q1:

Fill in the blank: During a landslide, broken pieces of large and small rocks move downhill due to a force called .

  • Aerosion
  • Bgravity

Q2:

The photograph shows the Erg Chebbi Dunes in the Sahara Desert.

The shape of the land in this desert is always changing.

Which type of erosion forms sand dunes?

Erg Chebbi dunes in the Sahara desert
  • AGlaciers
  • BWaves
  • CRainfall
  • DWind

Q3:

The coastline shown in the image has been eroded by the ocean. Would this change occur quickly or over a long period of time?

  • AOver a long period of time
  • BQuickly

Q4:

The photograph shows the Perito Moreno Glacier in Argentina. How do glaciers cause erosion of the land?

The Perito Moreno Glacier in Argentina - 72 ppi
  • AAs glaciers move, pieces of rock freeze to the glacier and are carried away.
  • BAs glaciers move, they push the land apart and create valleys.

Q5:

The surface of Earth is changing all the time. Erosion can change the shape of the land over time. What is erosion?

Earth equirectangular
  • AWhen rocks and minerals are broken apart or worn away.
  • BWhen rocks, minerals, and soil are moved to a new place.

Q6:

The photograph shows part of the Grand Canyon. How was the Grand Canyon formed?

Grand Canyon National Park-72 ppi
  • AThe Grand Canyon was formed by erosion caused by the wind.
  • BThe Grand Canyon was formed by erosion caused by the Colorado River.

Q7:

The image shows a field where some of the soil has been eroded.

Pick the most likely cause of this soil erosion.

Damaged field-72 ppi
  • AA flood
  • BA hurricane
  • CA volcanic eruption

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