Worksheet: Cardiovascular Disease

In this worksheet, we will practice recalling the risk factors for cardiovascular disease, and evaluating the treatments.

Q1:

How can a buildup of fat in the blood cause a heart attack?

  • AFat widens the blood vessels and allows a higher volume of blood to pass through.
  • BMore fat in the blood decreases blood pressure, which leads to heart failure.
  • CMore fat increases the number of platelets in the blood, so blood clots more easily.
  • DFat blocks blood vessels and prevents oxygen from reaching the heart.
  • EFat interacts with hemoglobin and reduces the blood’s oxygen-carrying capacity.

Q2:

Which of the following is not a risk factor for cardiovascular disease?

  • ASmoking
  • BRegular exercise
  • CA diet high in fatty foods
  • DObesity
  • ELack of exercise

Q3:

Body mass index compares the height and weight of an adult to predict the proportion of fat in their body. What does a BMI of >30/kgm indicate?

  • AMalnutrition
  • BHigh cholesterol
  • CStandard weight
  • DObesity
  • EUnderweight

Q4:

True or False: Cardiovascular disease is a noncommunicable disease.

  • AFalse
  • BTrue

Q5:

Body mass index (BMI) compares the height and weight of an adult to predict the proportion of fat in their body.

The equation is as follows: BMIkgmbodymasskgheightm/=()÷().

Calculate the BMI of a man who is 1.70 m tall and has a mass of 70 kg to one decimal place.

Calculate the BMI of a woman who has a mass of 59 kg and is 1.65 m tall to one decimal place.

Q6:

Which organ is mainly affected by cardiovascular disease?

  • AThe lungs
  • BThe heart
  • CThe brain
  • DThe liver
  • EThe stomach

Q7:

Which of the following best describes obesity?

  • ALarge amounts of fat form under the skin and organs.
  • BThere is more muscle on the body than fat.
  • CFat is deposited on the hips.
  • DSmall amounts of fat collect around the organs.
  • EThe mass of someone is above 60 kg.

Q8:

Which of the following best explains how statins work?

  • AThey are mesh tubes that widen arteries and allow better blood flow.
  • BThey replace damaged blood vessels with artificial ones.
  • CThey reduce blood cholesterol to prevent fatty deposits forming in blood vessels.
  • DThey reduce high blood pressure to lessen the risk of a heart attack.

Q9:

Which of the following best explains how stents work?

  • AThey are mesh tubes that widen arteries and allow better blood flow.
  • BThey reduce blood cholesterol to prevent fatty deposits forming in blood vessels.
  • CThey replace damaged blood vessels with artificial ones.
  • DThey reduce high blood pressure to lessen the risk of heart attacks.

Q10:

Body mass index (BMI) compares the height and weight of an adult to predict the proportion of fat in their body. Why is BMI not a good predictor of body fat for professional weight lifters?

  • AProfessional weight lifters are often shorter than the average person.
  • BBMI does not differentiate between body fat and body muscle.
  • CProfessional weight lifters are often heavy.
  • DBMI is not scientifically recognized.

Q11:

Eating too much food that is high in saturated fat and cholesterol can increase a person’s risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Why?

  • ASaturated fat and cholesterol increase heart rate, which can tire the heart more quickly.
  • BFat deposited in the arteries can clog them, preventing the flow of blood.
  • CCholesterol reduces the oxygen-carrying capacity in the blood.
  • DCholesterol is a carcinogen and can increase the risk of mutations in the cells of the heart.
  • ESaturated fat damages the platelets in the blood leading to problems with blood clotting.

Q12:

Which of the following would not be an example of a treatment for cardiovascular disease?

  • AStatins
  • BHeart bypass
  • CAntibiotics
  • DRegular exercise
  • EStents

Q13:

The graph provided shows the relative risk of developing cardiovascular disease compared to hours of exercise.

Which of the following best explains the trend shown?

  • AAs hours of exercise increase, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease increases.
  • BThere is no link between the relative risk of developing cardiovascular disease and the hours of exercise taken.
  • CAs hours of exercise decrease, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease decreases.
  • DAs hours of exercise increase, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease decreases.

Which of the following best explains the link between hours of exercise and the risk of developing cardiovascular disease?

  • AExercising more helps improve mental health and social well-being.
  • BExercising more burns more protein, preventing it from building up in blood vessels.
  • CExercising more burns more fat, preventing it from building up in blood vessels.
  • DExercising more helps increase fat storage in other organs, preventing it from building up in blood vessels.

Which of the following statements about the data is correct?

  • AThe relative risk of developing CVD with 1 hour of exercise a week = the relative risk of developing CVD with 2 hours of exercise a week.
  • BThe relative risk of developing CVD with 5 hours of exercise a week = the relative risk of developing CVD with 6 hours of exercise a week.
  • CThe relative risk of developing CVD with 6 hours of exercise a week > the relative risk of developing CVD with 4 hours of exercise a week.
  • DThe relative risk of developing CVD with 5 hours of exercise a week < the relative risk of developing CVD with 7+ hours of exercise a week.

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