**Q1: **

Amelia drew this to help her calculate .

What expression is missing in the following:

- A
- B
- C
- D

What is ?

**Q2: **

Ethan is using this model to find .

He split 16 into . What did he split 12 into?

- A
- B
- C
- D

Finish his equation by writing the missing addition expression: .

- A
- B
- C
- D

What is ?

**Q3: **

Mason is learning to multiply by breaking apart factors and then adding.

For , he draws a 6-by-12 rectangle and splits it into two parts.

What is the missing expression in ?

- A
- B
- C
- D

What is ?

**Q4: **

Anthony and Olivia want to use area to find .

Olivia splits this rectangle in half, but she can’t finish because she doesn’t know .

Anthony says it is easier to use the 10 times table. How would he split the rectangle?

- A
- B

Pick the next step in Anthony’s calculation.

- A
- B
- C
- D

Add the areas of the two parts to figure out .

**Q5: **

Elizabeth used to find .

Liam used to find .

Whose method is correct?

- AOnly Liam’s method is correct.
- BOnly Elizabeth’s method is correct.
- CThey are both wrong.
- DThey are both correct.

What is ?

**Q6: **

Anthony used to solve .

Use his method to answer these questions.

**Q7: **

Evaluate using the distributive property.

**Q8: **

James split 6 into to find .

Scarlett split 6 into to find .

Whose method is correct?

- AOnly Scarlett’s method is correct.
- BOnly James’s method is correct.
- CThey are both wrong.
- DThey are both correct.

What is ?

**Q9: **

The number bond shows that .

What expression is missing?

- A
- B
- C
- D

Fill in the blank: .

*Hint*: Use the number bond and that .

**Q10: **

The number bond shows that .

What expression is missing?

- A
- B
- C
- D

Find the missing number in

*Hint:* Use the number bond and the fact that .

**Q11: **

Fill in the blank: .

**Q12: **

Evaluate using the distributive property.

**Q13: **

Calculate .

Use Amelia’s multiplication fact to help you.

**Q14: **

Complete:

**Q15: **

Write the subtraction expression that is missing:

- A
- B
- C
- D

**Q16: **

Olivia is learning about different strategies to multiply.

She drew this to help her calculate .

What expression is missing in ?

- A
- B
- C
- D

What is ?

**Q17: **

Use this multiplication fact to find the missing numbers.

**Q18: **

The diagram shows a rectangle of sides and . Its area is thus , also written as . Work out the area of the two rectangles that make up the bigger rectangle to find an equivalent expression to .

- A
- B
- C
- D
- E

**Q19: **

Michael has been told that he can solve using the fact that .

He drew a model to show how.

What multiplication expression is missing to describe the model?

- A
- B
- C
- D

Pick the subtraction equation that is equal to .

- A
- B
- C
- D

**Q20: **

Jacob has drawn this to help him multiply 3 and 18.