# Lesson Worksheet: Distributive Property of Multiplication Mathematics • 3rd Grade

In this worksheet, we will practice using the distributive property of multiplication to multiply numbers up to 10×10 by breaking the numbers apart.

Q1:

David split 6 into to find . Sophia split 6 into to find . Whose method is correct?

• AOnly Sophia’s method is correct.
• BOnly David’s method is correct.
• CThey are both correct.
• DThey are both wrong.

What is ?

Q2:

The number bond shows that . What expression is missing? • A
• B
• C
• D

Fill in the blank: .

Hint: Use the number bond and that .

Q3:

Fill in the blank: .

Q4:

Write the subtraction expression that is missing:

• A
• B
• C
• D

Q5:

Chloe is learning about different strategies to multiply.

She drew this to help her calculate . What expression is missing in ?

• A
• B
• C
• D

What is ?

Q6:

Use this multiplication fact to find the missing numbers.   Q7:

Michael has been told that he can solve using the fact that .

He drew a model to show how. What multiplication expression is missing to describe the model? • A
• B
• C
• D

Pick the subtraction equation that is equal to .

• A
• B
• C
• D

Q8:

Use this multiplication fact to find the missing numbers.    Q9:

Here are 5 groups of 4 stars. Write the missing expression:

Hint: .

• A
• B
• C
• D

What number is missing from

Q10:

Write the addition expression that is missing:

• A
• B
• C
• D

Q11:

Write the addition expression that is missing in • A
• B
• C
• D

Q12:

Fill in the blanks with the missing subtraction expression: • A
• B
• C
• D

Q13:

Mason drew this array to help him multiply 9 by 6. Pick the equation that shows what he did.

• A
• B
• C
• D

Which expression should he write for the number of green squares?

• A
• B
• C
• D

Which calculation can he do to find ?

• A
• B
• C
• D

Q14:

Fill in the blanks:

• A
• B
• C
• D

Q15:

Daniel solved by writing it as the sum of simpler quotients. Use this method to find the answers to these problems.  • A10 + 2
• B1 + 3
• C1 + 2
• D10 + 3 Q16:

Write the addition expression that is missing: • A
• B
• C
• D

Q17:

Daniel is using this model to help him divide by splitting 24.

Which expression has been covered? • A
• B
• C
• D

Q18:

Fill in the blanks with the missing addition expression: • A
• B
• C
• D

Q19:

Anthony is learning strategies to divide. He finds that .

What number is missing from his equation?

Use his equation to write the missing addition expression: .

• A4, 3
• B12, 4
• C4, 1
• D12, 9

Q20:

James has solved by first writing it as the sum of simpler quotients. Use this strategy to answer the questions.

Find the missing number. Find the missing number.

Write the missing sum. • A
• B
• C
• D

Q21:

Chloe is learning to divide by using the distributive property.

Which expression is missing? • A
• B
• C
• D

Q22:

Look at Ethan's work. He used to write as the sum of simpler products. Find another sum of products that is equal to .

• A
• B
• C
• D

Q23:

Write the multiplication expression that is missing. • A
• B
• C
• D

Q24:

Select the rectangle that matches the expression .

• A • B • C • D • E 