Worksheet: Properties of Tangents

In this worksheet, we will practice using the properties of tangents of circles to find missing values.

Q1:

Given that 𝐴 𝐵 is a tangent to the circle 𝑀 at 𝐴 , and 𝑚 𝑀 𝐵 𝐸 = 1 5 1 , find 𝑚 𝐴 𝑀 𝐵 .

Q2:

What is the name of a line that meets a circle in exactly one point?

  • Aradius
  • Bchord
  • Carc
  • Dtangent
  • Esegment

Q3:

Circle 𝑀 has radius 11 cm. If 𝐶 𝐴 = 1 6 . 3 c m , what is 𝐴 𝐵 ? Answer to the nearest tenth.

Q4:

Given that 𝐴 𝐶 = ( 2 𝑥 3 ) c m , find 𝑥 and 𝑦 to the nearest thousandth.

  • A 𝑥 = 1 . 5 0 0 , 𝑦 = 5 . 0 0 0
  • B 𝑥 = 2 4 . 0 0 0 , 𝑦 = 1 1 . 0 0 0
  • C 𝑥 = 1 9 . 0 0 0 , 𝑦 = 1 9 . 0 0 0
  • D 𝑥 = 1 1 . 0 0 0 , 𝑦 = 2 4 . 0 0 0

Q5:

Given that is a tangent to the circle , and , determine .

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Q6:

Given that 𝐴 𝐵 is tangent to the circle 𝑀 at 𝐴 , 𝐴 𝑀 = 8 . 6 c m , and 𝑀 𝐵 = 1 2 . 3 c m , find the length of 𝐴 𝐵 , and round the result to the nearest tenth.

Q7:

In the figure below, 𝑀 circle, 𝑀 𝐵 = 1 5 c m , 𝐴 𝐵 = 2 0 c m , 𝑀 𝐶 = 9 c m , and 𝐴 𝐵 is a tangent, find the perimeter of the figure 𝐴 𝐵 𝐶 𝑀 .

Q8:

Given that 𝐵 𝐶 is a tangent to the circle and 𝑚 𝐴 𝑀 𝐵 = 1 2 0 , find 𝑚 𝐴 𝐵 𝐶 .

Q9:

Given that 𝐴 𝐵 is a tangent to the circle 𝑀 , and 𝑚 𝐴 𝐵 𝑀 = 4 9 , determine 𝑚 𝐴 𝐷 𝐵 .

  • A 4 6 . 3 3
  • B 4 1
  • C 2 0 . 5

Q10:

Given that 𝐴 𝐵 is a tangent to the circle 𝑀 at 𝐴 , 𝑚 𝑀 = 1 3 0 . 2 , and 𝐸 is the midpoint of 𝐶 𝐷 , find 𝑚 𝐵 .

Q11:

Given that 𝐴 𝐵 = 8 . 2 c m , find the length of 𝐵 𝐶 rounding the result to the nearest hundredth.

Q12:

Given that 𝐴 𝐵 is a tangent to the circle 𝑀 at 𝐷 , 𝐴 𝐶 = 𝐵 𝐶 , 𝑚 𝐴 = 6 0 , and 𝐴 𝐷 = 3 4 . 7 c m , determine the perimeter of 𝐴 𝐵 𝐶 .

Q13:

Given that 𝐴 𝐵 is a tangent to the circle 𝑀 , Find the perimeter of 𝐴 𝐵 𝐶 .

Q14:

Suppose that, in the figure, 𝐴 𝐵 is tangent to the circle at 𝐵 , 𝑀 𝐵 = 1 7 . 6 c m , and 𝐴 𝐶 = 3 2 . 4 c m . What is the length of 𝐴 𝐵 ?

  • A 32.4 cm
  • B 50 cm
  • C 17.6 cm
  • D 46.8 cm

Q15:

If two circle intersect at two points, how many common tangents do they have?

Q16:

If I draw two tangent segments from a point outside the circle, are they equal in length?

  • Ayes
  • Bno

Q17:

If two circles lie outside each other, how many common tangents do they have?

Q18:

If I draw two tangents to a circle, one from each end of a diameter, are the tangents parallel?

  • Ayes
  • Bno

Q19:

Given that 𝐴 𝐵 and 𝐴 𝐶 are two tangent segments to a circle at the points 𝐵 and 𝐶 , and 𝐴 𝐵 = 9 1 c m , determine the length of 𝐴 𝐶 .

Q20:

Find the value of 𝑥 .

Q21:

In the figure, line 𝑋 𝑌 is tangent to the circle at 𝑋 . What is the length 𝑍 𝑌 ?

Q22:

Given that 𝐴 𝐵 is a tangent to the circle 𝑀 , find the length of 𝐷 𝐵 .

Q23:

In the figure, 𝑋 𝑌 is tangent to circle 𝑀 at 𝑋 , 𝑀 𝑌 meets the circle at 𝑍 , 𝑋 𝑌 = 2 1 c m , and 𝑌 𝑍 = 1 1 c m . Find the circle’s diameter to the nearest tenth.

Q24:

Line 𝐴 𝐶 is tangent to circle 𝑀 at 𝐴 . Given that 𝐵 𝑀 = 5 5 c m , 𝐴 𝐶 = 9 6 c m , what is 𝐵 𝐶 ?

Q25:

The two circles 𝑀 and 𝑁 are touching externally. 𝐹 𝐴 is a common tangent to them at 𝐴 and 𝐵 respectively, 𝐹 𝐶 is a common tangent to them at 𝐶 and 𝐷 respectively. Given that 𝐴 𝐵 = 1 1 . 0 1 c m , and 𝐶 𝐷 = ( 𝑦 1 1 . 0 1 ) c m , find 𝑥 and 𝑦 .

  • A 𝑥 = 1 1 . 0 1 , 𝑦 = 1 2 . 3 1
  • B 𝑥 = 1 2 . 3 1 , 𝑦 = 1 1 . 0 1
  • C 𝑥 = 1 3 . 0 1 , 𝑦 = 1 7 . 3 1
  • D 𝑥 = 1 4 . 3 1 , 𝑦 = 1 6 . 0 1

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