# Worksheet: Expected Values of Discrete Random Variables

In this worksheet, we will practice calculating the expected value from both a table and a graph and calculating the variance for a probability distribution.

Q1:

Work out the expected value of the random variable whose probability distribution is shown. Q2:

The function in the given table is a probability function of a discrete random variable . Find the value of .

 𝑥 𝑓(𝑥) 0 1 2 3 4 2𝑎 0.3 0.3 𝑎 𝑎

Q3:

The function in the given table is a probability function of a discrete random variable . Find the expected value of .

 𝑥 𝑓(𝑥) 1 3 4 6 1027 8𝑎 6𝑎 19
• A
• B
• C15
• D

Q4:

The frequency table shows the number of cars that 65 families have.

 Number of Cars Frequency 1 2 3 4 10 35 15 5

Find the mean number of cars per family.

• A
• B
• C
• D
• E

This data can be expressed as a probability distribution for the discrete random variable as shown. Find the value of , , , and .

 𝑥 𝑝() 1 2 3 4 𝑎 𝑏 𝑐 𝑑
• A, , ,
• B, , ,
• C, , ,
• D, , ,
• E, , ,

Calculate the expected value of .

• A
• B
• C
• D
• E

Q5:

The table shows the probability distribution of a fair six-sided die. Determine .

 𝑥 𝑝() 1 2 3 4 5 6 16 16 16 16 16 16

Q6:

The discrete random variable has the shown probability distribution.

 𝑥 𝑝() 1 2 3 4 5 6 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 𝑘

Find the value of .

Hence, determine the expected value of .

Q7:

An experiment produces the discrete random variable that has the probability distribution shown. If a very high number of trials were carried out, what would be the likely mean of all the outcomes?

 𝑥 𝑝(𝑥) 2 3 4 5 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4

Q8:

Work out the expected value of the random variable whose probability distribution is shown. Q9:

Work out the expected value of the random variable whose probability distribution is shown. Q10:

The function in the given table is a probability function of a discrete random variable . Given that the expected value of is 4, find the values of and .

 𝑥 𝑓(𝑥) 1 3 𝑏 5 6 0.2 0.2 𝑎 0.2 0.3
• A,
• B,
• C,
• D,

Q11:

The function in the given table is a probability function of a discrete random variable . Find the value of .

 𝑥 𝑓(𝑥) 2 3 4 5 7𝑎 5𝑎 9𝑎 3𝑎
• A0
• B
• C
• D

Q12:

An experiment that produces the discrete random variable has the probability distribution shown.

 𝑥 𝑝(𝑥) 2 3 4 5 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4

Calculate .

Calculate .

The variance of can be calculated using the formula . Calculate to 2 decimal places.

Q13:

The function in the given table is a probability function of a discrete random variable . Given that the expected value of is , find the value of .

 𝑥 𝑓(𝑥) 1 2 𝐵 7 8𝑎 3𝑎 13 8𝑎

Q14:

Work out the expected value of the random variable whose probability distribution is shown. Q15:

Scarlett had a spinner with ten equal sections labeled with the numbers 1 to 10. She spun it 300 times and recorded the outcomes in a frequency table.

 Number Frequency 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 35 27 22 11 24 28 33 35 49 36

If the spinner was fair, how many times would you expect to see each number if you spun it 300 times?

State whether the spinner is biased and why.

• AThe spinner is not biased because most of the numbers appeared around 30 times.
• BThe spinner is biased because the number 4 only appeared half as often as expected and the number 9 appeared much more often than expected.
• CThe spinner is biased because the numbers did not appear exactly 30 times each.

Q16:

The function in the given table is the probability function of a discrete random variable . Find the expected value of .

 𝑥 𝑓(𝑥) 0 1 2 3 4 0.1 𝑎 0.1 0.4 0.2

Q17:

Let denote a discrete random variable which can take the values . Given that has probability distribution function , find the expected value of .

• A1
• B
• C
• D

Q18:

Let denote a discrete random variable which can take the values 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Given that , , , and , find the expected value of .

• A
• B16
• C
• D

Q19:

Let denote a discrete random variable which can take the values 4, 5, 8, and 10. Given that , , and , find the expected value of . Give your answer to two decimal places.

Q20:

Let denote a discrete random variable which can take the values , 0, and 5. Given that the expectation of is 0.03 and , find .

• A
• B
• C
• D

Q21:

The discrete random variable has the shown probability distribution.

 𝑥 𝑝() 1 2 3 4 𝑘1 𝑘2 𝑘3 𝑘4

Find the value of .

• A
• B
• C
• D
• E

Hence, determine the expected value of .

• A
• B
• C
• D
• E

Q22:

A discrete random variable has a uniform probability distribution such that , where . Determine .

Q23:

23 students took an exam; 7 students got 3 marks, 8 students got 8 marks, and 8 students got 2 marks. Given that denotes the number of marks received, find the expected value of . If necessary, round your answer to the nearest hundredth.

Q24:

In an experiment, Emma is going to spin a fair four-sided spinner numbered from 1 to 4. Chloe says that the expected value of the experiment is 2.5. Emma disagrees as she says it is impossible to spin 2.5 and suggests that the expected value is 3. Who is correct and why?

• AChloe is correct because the expected value is the average result of an experiment after a large number of trials, which is 2.5 in this case.
• BEmma is correct because the expected value is the average result of an experiment after a large number of trials, which is 2.5 in this case. However, this is unobtainable on the spinner, so it must be rounded to the nearest whole number, which is 3.

Q25:

In an experiment, Hannah rolls two fair six-sided dice and adds the numbers. The probability distribution of the experiment is shown.

 𝑥 𝑝() 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 136 236 𝑎 436 𝑏 𝑐 536 𝑑 336 236 136

Find the value of , , , and .

• A, , ,
• B, , ,
• C, , ,
• D, , ,
• E, , ,

What is the expected value of the experiment?