Worksheet: Expected Values of Discrete Random Variables

In this worksheet, we will practice calculating the expected value from both a table and a graph and calculating the variance for a probability distribution.

Q1:

Work out the expected value of the random variable 𝑋 whose probability distribution is shown.

Q2:

The function in the given table is a probability function of a discrete random variable 𝑋 . Find the value of π‘Ž .

π‘₯  0 1 2 3 4
𝑓 ( π‘₯ )  2 π‘Ž 0.3 0.3 π‘Ž π‘Ž

Q3:

The function in the given table is a probability function of a discrete random variable 𝑋 . Find the expected value of 𝑋 .

π‘₯  1 3 4 6
𝑓 ( π‘₯ )  1 0 2 7 8 π‘Ž 6 π‘Ž 1 9
  • A 2 8 6 2 7
  • B 5 8 2 7
  • C15
  • D 7 6 2 7

Q4:

The frequency table shows the number of cars that 65 families have.

Number of Cars 1 2 3 4
Frequency 10 35 15 5

Find the mean number of cars per family.

  • A 1 3 2
  • B 2 9 2
  • C 1 3 2 9
  • D 2 9 1 3
  • E 2 2 9

This data can be expressed as a probability distribution for the discrete random variable 𝑋 as shown. Find the value of π‘Ž , 𝑏 , 𝑐 , and 𝑑 .

π‘₯ 1 2 3 4
𝑝 (  ) π‘Ž 𝑏 𝑐 𝑑
  • A π‘Ž = 2 1 3 , 𝑏 = 7 1 3 , 𝑐 = 3 1 3 , 𝑑 = 1 1 3
  • B π‘Ž = 2 1 3 , 𝑏 = 7 1 3 , 𝑐 = 9 1 3 , 𝑑 = 1 1 3
  • C π‘Ž = 2 1 3 , 𝑏 = 7 1 3 , 𝑐 = 9 1 3 , 𝑑 = 4 1 3
  • D π‘Ž = 1 1 0 , 𝑏 = 2 3 5 , 𝑐 = 1 5 , 𝑑 = 4 5
  • E π‘Ž = 1 1 1 3 , 𝑏 = 6 1 3 , 𝑐 = 1 0 1 3 , 𝑑 = 1 2 1 3

Calculate the expected value of 𝑋 .

  • A 2 2 9
  • B 2 9 2
  • C 2 9 1 3
  • D 1 3 2
  • E 1 3 2 9

Q5:

The table shows the probability distribution of a fair six-sided die. Determine 𝐸 ( 𝑋 ) .

π‘₯ 1 2 3 4 5 6
𝑝 (    ) 1 6 1 6 1 6 1 6 1 6 1 6

Q6:

The discrete random variable 𝑋 has the shown probability distribution.

π‘₯ 1 2 3 4 5 6
𝑝 ( π‘₯ ) 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 π‘˜

Find the value of π‘˜ .

Hence, determine the expected value of 𝑋 .

Q7:

An experiment produces the discrete random variable 𝑋 that has the probability distribution shown. If a very high number of trials were carried out, what would be the likely mean of all the outcomes?

π‘₯ 2 3 4 5
𝑝 ( π‘₯ ) 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4

Q8:

Work out the expected value of the random variable 𝑋 whose probability distribution is shown.

Q9:

Work out the expected value of the random variable 𝑋 whose probability distribution is shown.

Q10:

The function in the given table is a probability function of a discrete random variable 𝑋 . Given that the expected value of 𝑋 is 4, find the values of π‘Ž and 𝑏 .

π‘₯  1 3 𝑏 5 6
𝑓 ( π‘₯ )  0.2 0.2 π‘Ž 0.2 0.3
  • A π‘Ž = 0 . 1 , 𝑏 = 3
  • B π‘Ž = 0 , 𝑏 = 3
  • C π‘Ž = 0 . 2 , 𝑏 = 5
  • D π‘Ž = 0 . 1 , 𝑏 = 4

Q11:

The function in the given table is a probability function of a discrete random variable . Find the value of .

2 3 4 5
  • A0
  • B
  • C
  • D

Q12:

An experiment that produces the discrete random variable 𝑋 has the probability distribution shown.

π‘₯ 2 3 4 5
𝑝 ( π‘₯ ) 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4

Calculate 𝐸 ( 𝑋 ) .

Calculate 𝐸 ο€Ή 𝑋   .

The variance of 𝑋 can be calculated using the formula V a r ( 𝑋 ) = 𝐸 ο€Ή 𝑋  βˆ’ 𝐸 ( 𝑋 )   . Calculate V a r ( 𝑋 ) to 2 decimal places.

Q13:

The function in the given table is a probability function of a discrete random variable 𝑋 . Given that the expected value of 𝑋 is 2 5 4 5 7 , find the value of 𝐡 .

π‘₯  1 2 𝐡 7
𝑓 ( π‘₯ )  8 π‘Ž 3 π‘Ž 1 3 8 π‘Ž

Q14:

Work out the expected value of the random variable 𝑋 whose probability distribution is shown.

Q15:

Farida had a spinner with ten equal sections labeled with the numbers 1 to 10. She spun it 300 times and recorded the outcomes in a frequency table.

Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Frequency 35 27 22 11 24 28 33 35 49 36

If the spinner was fair, how many times would you expect to see each number if you spun it 300 times?

State whether the spinner is biased and why.

  • AThe spinner is biased because the number 4 only appeared half as often as expected and the number 9 appeared much more often than expected.
  • BThe spinner is biased because the numbers did not appear exactly 30 times each.
  • CThe spinner is not biased because most of the numbers appeared around 30 times.

Q16:

The function in the given table is a probability function of a discrete random variable 𝑋 . Find the expected value of 𝑋 .

π‘₯  0 1 2 3 4
𝑓 ( π‘₯ )  0.1 π‘Ž 0.1 0.4 0.2

Q17:

Let 𝑋 denote a discrete random variable which can take the values βˆ’ 1 , 𝑀 , 1 a n d . Given that 𝑋 has probability distribution function 𝑓 ( π‘₯ ) = π‘₯ + 2 6 , find the expected value of 𝑋 .

  • A 2 3
  • B 8 3
  • C1
  • D 1 3

Q18:

Let 𝑋 denote a discrete random variable which can take the values 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Given that 𝑃 ( 𝑋 = 1 ) = 7 3 3 , 𝑃 ( 𝑋 = 2 ) = 8 3 3 , 𝑃 ( 𝑋 = 3 ) = 1 1 1 , and 𝑃 ( 𝑋 = 4 ) = 1 3 3 , find the expected value of 𝑋 .

  • A 1 4 4 1 1
  • B 1 2 1 1
  • C16
  • D 1 0 6 3 3

Q19:

Let 𝑋 denote a discrete random variable which can take the values 4, 5, 8, and 10. Given that 𝑃 ( 𝑋 = 4 ) = 4 2 7 , 𝑃 ( 𝑋 = 5 ) = 5 2 7 , and 𝑃 ( 𝑋 = 8 ) = 8 2 7 , find the expected value of 𝑋 . Give your answer to two decimal places.

Q20:

Let 𝑋 denote a discrete random variable which can take the values βˆ’ 2 , 0, and 5. Given that the expectation of 𝑋 is 0.03 and 𝑃 ( 𝑋 = βˆ’ 2 ) = 9 2 5 , find 𝑃 ( 𝑋 = 5 ) .

  • A 1 6 2 5
  • B 9 2 5
  • C 5 1 1 0 0
  • D 3 2 0

Q21:

The discrete random variable 𝑋 has the shown probability distribution.

π‘₯ 1 2 3 4
𝑝 ( π‘₯ ) π‘˜ 1 π‘˜ 2 π‘˜ 3 π‘˜ 4

Find the value of π‘˜ .

  • A 6 1 1
  • B 1 2 1 3
  • C 1 1 0
  • D 1 2 2 5
  • E 2 5 1 2

Hence, determine the expected value of 𝑋 .

  • A 4 8 2 5
  • B 2 5
  • C 2 4 1 1
  • D 4 8 1 3
  • E 2 5 3

Q22:

A discrete random variable 𝑋 has a uniform probability distribution such that 𝑃 ( 𝑋 = π‘₯ ) = 1 1 1 , where π‘₯ ∈ { 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 1 0 , 1 1 } . Determine 𝐸 ( 𝑋 ) .

Q23:

23 students took an exam; 7 students got 3 marks, 8 students got 8 marks, and 8 students got 2 marks. Given that 𝑋 denotes the number of marks received, find the expected value of 𝑋 . If necessary, round your answer to the nearest hundredth.

Q24:

In an experiment, Sarah is going to spin a fair four-sided spinner numbered from 1 to 4. Samar says that the expected value of the experiment is 2.5. Sarah disagrees as she says it is impossible to spin 2.5 and suggests that the expected value is 3. Who is correct and why?

  • ASamar is correct because the expected value is the average result of an experiment after a large number of trials, which is 2.5 in this case.
  • BSarah is correct because the expected value is the average result of an experiment after a large number of trials, which is 2.5 in this case. However, this is unobtainable on the spinner, so it must be rounded to the nearest whole number, which is 3.

Q25:

In an experiment, Rania rolls two fair six-sided dice and adds the numbers. The probability distribution of the experiment is shown.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Find the value of , , , and .

  • A , , ,
  • B , , ,
  • C , , ,
  • D , , ,
  • E , , ,

What is the expected value of the experiment?

Nagwa uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more about our Privacy Policy.