### Video Transcript

A construction worker of mass 100
kilograms is carrying some bricks up a ladder of height 15 meters. If the work done by the
construction worker in climbing the ladder is 20,433 joules, find the mass of the
bricks. Take π to equal 9.8 meters per
second squared.

Okay, so letβs say that this is our
ladder, which weβre told has a height weβll call β of 15 meters, and that on this
ladder thereβs a construction worker with a mass weβll call π sub π, who has
climbed all the way to the top carrying a load of bricks with a mass weβll call π
sub π. Knowing that this construction
worker did 20,433 joules of work in climbing this ladder with this load of bricks,
we want to determine the mass of the bricks, π sub π.

If we think about the combined mass
involved, the mass of the bricks plus the mass of the construction worker, we know
that this total mass multiplied by the acceleration due to gravity is equal to the
weight force that acts on this worker. But then, over against this force,
the construction worker is able to climb up a height of 15 meters. We can say then that the magnitude
of the force the construction worker exerts, weβll call it πΉ sub π, is equal to
this total mass times π.

At this point, we can recall that
the work done by a given force πΉ is equal to that force multiplied by the
displacement of an object on which the force acts. In our case, our bodyβs
displacement is the height of our ladder β, while the force involved is the sum of
the masses of the bricks and the construction worker times π. Therefore, we can write this
expression for the work done by the construction worker. Recalling that itβs π sub π that
we want to solve for, we divide both sides of the equation by π times β. Those factors then are canceled on
the right. And following that, we subtract π
sub π, the mass of the construction worker, from both sides. That results in this equation for
the mass of the bricks. When we plug in for the values of
π, π, β, and π sub π, we obtain a result of 39 kilograms. This is the mass of the bricks the
worker carried to the top of the ladder.