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Lesson Video: Recognizing Coins: GBP Mathematics

In this video, we will learn how to recognize and tell the value of all the coins used in the UK

09:46

Video Transcript

Recognizing Coins: Great Britain Pound

In this video, we will learn how to recognize and tell the value of all the coins used in the UK. The four countries of the United Kingdom or the UK are England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales. These four countries all use the same currency or the same type of money, called the pound. The Republic of Ireland uses a different type of currency, called the Euro. Northern Ireland and Scotland have their own special banknotes. They use British and their own notes and British coins.

In this video, we’re going to learn how to recognize each of the coins used in the United Kingdom and work out their value. This is a one-pence coin. Can you see the writing on this coin? It says one penny. We would write this as 1p. 100 pennies make one pound.

The next coin is called a two-pence coin, which we write as 2p. What do you notice about the 1p and 2p coin? They’re both the same color. This is because they’re made from the same metals. Both of these coins are round. And although we can’t see it, both of these coins have a smooth edge. A two-pence coin is worth two pennies. You would need two penny coins to make a two-pence coin.

Our next coin is a five-pence coin. What do you notice about this coin? It’s a different color. This is because it’s made from a different metal. It’s also the smallest of all the coins. It’s round. It has a milled edge. This means it has, like, little grooves. You can feel these if you run your finger around the edge of the coin. You would need five one-penny coins to make five pence.

Our next coin is a 10-pence coin. We know it’s a 10-pence coin because it has the words 10 pence on the back of the coin. A 10-pence coin is worth 10 pennies. Like the five-pence coin, a 10-pence coin is round and it has a milled edge. So you can feel the grooves on the edge of this coin too.

Having coins of different size with different edges is really important to help people who are blind or visually impaired. They can use their sense of touch to help them work out which coin they’re holding.

This is our next coin, a 20 pence. It’s worth 20 pennies. What do you notice about this coin? It’s the same color as the five-pence and 10-pence coin, but it’s a different shape. Both the 20-pence and the 50-pence coin both have seven sides. And although these sides look straight, they’re actually curved. All coins have to have curved sides to help them roll. If coins couldn’t roll, they get stuck when we use them to pay for things, like a ticket machine when we’re parking our car. So even though a 20-pence coin is not round, it does roll.

As we’ve already said, a 50-pence coin also has seven curved sides and it’s bigger than a 20-pence coin. If you have two 50-pence coins, then you have a pound. 50 plus 50 equals 100. And we know there are 100 pennies in one pounds. So two 50s make one pound.

Our next coin is a one-pound coin. What do you notice about this coin? It’s made from two different metals. And it’s a different shape to all of the other coins. The pound coin actually has 12 sides, and it has a milled edge like the one-pound coin. Did you notice that we write one pound in a different way to all the other coins? We use this symbol to represent a pound.

And this is the two-pound coin. It’s worth two pounds. And the two-pound coin is the largest of all the coins. It’s also worth the most money. Two pounds is worth 200 pence. Did you know that if you place the coins between one penny and 50 pence together like this, the designs on the back of each coin make a special shield? The shield is called the Royal Coat of Arms. This shield is used as a symbol to represent the queen.

Now that we’ve learned a little about the coins used in the United Kingdom, let’s try some practice questions.

Pick the 50-pence coin.

In this question, we’re shown three different coins and we’re asked to pick the 50-pence coin. Let’s look at the first coin. All of our coins are the same color, but they’re all different shapes and sizes. This one has seven curved sides. Can you tell what it is yet? This is a 20-pence coin. We can tell this using the writing or the words on the back of the coin.

Our next coin is a five-pence coin. Our third coin also has seven sides just like the 20 pence, except this coin is much bigger. Have you worked out what it is yet? It’s a 50-pence coin. This is the coin we’re looking for. We picked the 50-pence coin.

How much is this coin worth?

In this question, we have to write the value of this coin. How can we tell which coin this is? One way to tell is its shape. It’s a shape with seven curved sides. Another way to work out which coin this is would be to look at the words written on the back. The words say 20 pence. So this coin is worth 20 pence.

Count the coins in the piggy bank. How many two-pence coins are there? How many two-pound coins are there?

In this question, we’re shown a piggy bank which is full of coins. And we’re asked to count the number of two-pence coins and the number of two-pound coins. We need to be very careful when we’re looking at the writing on the coins. We’re looking for two-pence and two-pound coins. The word two is written on the back of a two-pence coin and the two-pound coin.

To make sure we don’t get confused, we need to look carefully at each coin. The two-pound coin is slightly bigger than the two-pence coin, and it’s made from two different-colored metals. Another way we can identify a two-pound coin is by its design. On the back of the two-pound coin, there’s a picture of Britannia. Britannia is used as a symbol of Great Britain. She wears a helmet; she carries a spear and a shield. And the design on the back of a two-pence coin is a lion.

Let’s start by counting the two-pence coins. There’s one, two, three. We counted three two-pence coins. Let’s count the two-pound coins now. One, two. We counted two two-pound coins. There are three two-pence coins and two two-pound coins.

What have we learned in this video? We have learned how to recognize and tell the value of all the coins used in the UK.

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