### Video Transcript

Recognizing Coins: Great Britain
Pound

In this video, we will learn how to
recognize and tell the value of all the coins used in the UK. The four countries of the United
Kingdom or the UK are England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales. These four countries all use the
same currency or the same type of money, called the pound. The Republic of Ireland uses a
different type of currency, called the Euro. Northern Ireland and Scotland have
their own special banknotes. They use British and their own
notes and British coins.

In this video, we’re going to learn
how to recognize each of the coins used in the United Kingdom and work out their
value. This is a one-pence coin. Can you see the writing on this
coin? It says one penny. We would write this as 1p. 100 pennies make one pound.

The next coin is called a two-pence
coin, which we write as 2p. What do you notice about the 1p and
2p coin? They’re both the same color. This is because they’re made from
the same metals. Both of these coins are round. And although we can’t see it, both
of these coins have a smooth edge. A two-pence coin is worth two
pennies. You would need two penny coins to
make a two-pence coin.

Our next coin is a five-pence
coin. What do you notice about this
coin? It’s a different color. This is because it’s made from a
different metal. It’s also the smallest of all the
coins. It’s round. It has a milled edge. This means it has, like, little
grooves. You can feel these if you run your
finger around the edge of the coin. You would need five one-penny coins
to make five pence.

Our next coin is a 10-pence
coin. We know it’s a 10-pence coin
because it has the words 10 pence on the back of the coin. A 10-pence coin is worth 10
pennies. Like the five-pence coin, a
10-pence coin is round and it has a milled edge. So you can feel the grooves on the
edge of this coin too.

Having coins of different size with
different edges is really important to help people who are blind or visually
impaired. They can use their sense of touch
to help them work out which coin they’re holding.

This is our next coin, a 20
pence. It’s worth 20 pennies. What do you notice about this
coin? It’s the same color as the
five-pence and 10-pence coin, but it’s a different shape. Both the 20-pence and the 50-pence
coin both have seven sides. And although these sides look
straight, they’re actually curved. All coins have to have curved sides
to help them roll. If coins couldn’t roll, they get
stuck when we use them to pay for things, like a ticket machine when we’re parking
our car. So even though a 20-pence coin is
not round, it does roll.

As we’ve already said, a 50-pence
coin also has seven curved sides and it’s bigger than a 20-pence coin. If you have two 50-pence coins,
then you have a pound. 50 plus 50 equals 100. And we know there are 100 pennies
in one pounds. So two 50s make one pound.

Our next coin is a one-pound
coin. What do you notice about this
coin? It’s made from two different
metals. And it’s a different shape to all
of the other coins. The pound coin actually has 12
sides, and it has a milled edge like the one-pound coin. Did you notice that we write one
pound in a different way to all the other coins? We use this symbol to represent a
pound.

And this is the two-pound coin. It’s worth two pounds. And the two-pound coin is the
largest of all the coins. It’s also worth the most money. Two pounds is worth 200 pence. Did you know that if you place the
coins between one penny and 50 pence together like this, the designs on the back of
each coin make a special shield? The shield is called the Royal Coat
of Arms. This shield is used as a symbol to
represent the queen.

Now that we’ve learned a little
about the coins used in the United Kingdom, let’s try some practice questions.

Pick the 50-pence coin.

In this question, we’re shown
three different coins and we’re asked to pick the 50-pence coin. Let’s look at the first
coin. All of our coins are the same
color, but they’re all different shapes and sizes. This one has seven curved
sides. Can you tell what it is
yet? This is a 20-pence coin. We can tell this using the
writing or the words on the back of the coin.

Our next coin is a five-pence
coin. Our third coin also has seven
sides just like the 20 pence, except this coin is much bigger. Have you worked out what it is
yet? It’s a 50-pence coin. This is the coin we’re looking
for. We picked the 50-pence
coin.

How much is this coin
worth?

In this question, we have to
write the value of this coin. How can we tell which coin this
is? One way to tell is its
shape. It’s a shape with seven curved
sides. Another way to work out which
coin this is would be to look at the words written on the back. The words say 20 pence. So this coin is worth 20
pence.

Count the coins in the piggy
bank. How many two-pence coins are
there? How many two-pound coins are
there?

In this question, we’re shown a
piggy bank which is full of coins. And we’re asked to count the
number of two-pence coins and the number of two-pound coins. We need to be very careful when
we’re looking at the writing on the coins. We’re looking for two-pence and
two-pound coins. The word two is written on the
back of a two-pence coin and the two-pound coin.

To make sure we don’t get
confused, we need to look carefully at each coin. The two-pound coin is slightly
bigger than the two-pence coin, and it’s made from two different-colored
metals. Another way we can identify a
two-pound coin is by its design. On the back of the two-pound
coin, there’s a picture of Britannia. Britannia is used as a symbol
of Great Britain. She wears a helmet; she carries
a spear and a shield. And the design on the back of a
two-pence coin is a lion.

Let’s start by counting the
two-pence coins. There’s one, two, three. We counted three two-pence
coins. Let’s count the two-pound coins
now. One, two. We counted two two-pound
coins. There are three two-pence coins
and two two-pound coins.

What have we learned in this
video? We have learned how to recognize
and tell the value of all the coins used in the UK.