### Video Transcript

The given table shows information
on ticket prices, in dollars, and distances, in meters, of flights from Detroit to
different destinations, as seen on the website of an airline company. The linear relationship between the
price of a ticket π in dollars and the distance of the flight π in thousands of
meters can be modeled by a linear function π of π. Which of the following functions
represents the relationship? Is it A) π of π is equal to 1.5π
minus 30. B) π of π is equal to two π
minus 820. C) π of π is equal to 0.6π plus
152. Or D) π of π is equal to 0.2π
plus 140.

Weβre told in the question that the
relationship is linear. This means that the equation must
be of the form π¦ equals ππ₯ plus π. Where π is the slope or gradient
and π is the π¦-intercept. It is important to note that π is
measured in thousands of meters. This means that the value for π
for each city is 260, 820, 720, 490, and 380. The ticket price in dollars is our
π of π or π-value. We could pick any two cities to
substitute into the equation. In this case, weβll pick Columbus
and New York. We can substitute these values into
the equation π¦ equals ππ₯ plus π. Where π is the π₯-value and π of
π is the π¦-value.

Substituting in our values for
Columbus gives us 192 is equal to 260π plus π. We will call this equation one. For New York, our equation becomes
304 is equal to 820π plus π. We will call this equation two. We can solve this pair of
simultaneous equations to calculate the value of π and π by elimination. We can subtract equation one from
equation two. 304 minus 192 is equal to 112. 820 minus 260 is equal to 560. Therefore, 820π minus 260π is
equal to 560π. π minus π is equal to zero. So the πs cancel. We can now divide both sides of
this equation by 560. 112 divided by 560 simplifies to
one-fifth. This is equal to 0.2. The right-hand side simplifies to
π as the 560s cancel. Therefore, π is equal to 0.2.

We can immediately see that the
only equation with a slope or gradient of 0.2 is option D. Therefore, this must be the correct
answer. However, it is worth substituting
this number back in to calculate π. So we can check our answer. We need to substitute our value for
π back into one of the equations. In this case, weβll substitute into
equation one. This gives us 192 is equal to 260
multiplied by 0.2 plus π. 260 multiplied by 0.2 is equal to
52. Subtracting 52 from both sides of
this equation gives us a value of π equal to 140. We can therefore say that the
linear relationship in the form π¦ equals ππ₯ plus π is π¦ equals 0.2π₯ plus
140. Replacing the variables used in
this question, π of π is equal to 0.2π plus 140. The price in dollars is equal to
0.2 multiplied by the distance in thousands of meters plus 140.

We could check this answer by
substituting in the values for Philadelphia, Louisville, or Indianapolis. The cost of a ticket to
Philadelphia was 284 dollars. And the distance was 720000
meters. Substituting the correct values
into the formula gives us 284 is equal to 0.2 multiplied by 720 plus 140. This calculation is correct. And we could also check as
mentioned for Louisville and Indianapolis.

Looking back at our four options,
there is a quick way we couldβve eliminated option A and option B. Both of these had a negative
π¦-intercept. This would mean that when the
distance was small or zero, the price or cost would be negative, which is
impossible. Therefore, these two options are
definitely incorrect. The correct answer of 0.2π plus
140 tells us that there is a basic cost of 140 dollars no matter what the
distance. And that weβre charged 20 cents or
0.2 dollars for every 1000 meters in distance.