# Question Video: Finding the Indefinite Integral of an Exponential Function with an Integer Base Mathematics

Determine β« 2^(9π₯) dπ₯.

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### Video Transcript

Determine the indefinite integral of two to the power of nine π₯ with respect to π₯.

In this question, weβre asked to evaluate the integral of an exponential function. And we can note this looks very similar to one of our integral results. For any positive constant π not equal to one, the integral of π to the power of π₯ with respect to π₯ is equal to π to the power of π₯ divided by the natural logarithm of π plus the constant of integration πΆ. However, in this case, our exponent is not just equal to π₯; we have nine π₯. So, we canβt just directly apply this integral result. And there are two ways we can try and fix this. We could try using the π’-substitution. π’ is nine π₯. This would then allow us to rewrite our integral in this form. However, thereβs actually a simpler method.

We can just apply our laws of exponents. Two to the ninth power all raised to the power of π₯ will be equal to two to the power of nine times π₯. So, we can rewrite our integral as the integral of two to the ninth power all raised to the power of π₯ with respect to π₯. Then, our value of π is two to the ninth power. We could now evaluate two to the ninth power as 512. However, weβre just going to substitute π is equal to two to the power of nine into our integral result. This then gives us two to the ninth power all raised to the power of π₯ all divided by the natural logarithm of two to the ninth power plus the constant of integration πΆ. And this can help us see why itβs useful to leave this as two to the ninth power rather than evaluate.

We can simplify the numerator by using our laws of exponents, and we can simplify our denominator by using the power rule for logarithms. First, in the numerator, two raised to the power of nine all raised to the power of π₯ will be two to the power of nine times π₯. Next, in the denominator, the power rule for logarithms tells us the natural logarithm of two to the ninth power will be nine times the natural logarithm of two, which then gives us our final answer. The integral of two to the power of nine π₯ with respect to π₯ is two to the power of nine π₯ divided by nine times the natural logarithm of two plus the constant of integration πΆ.