Question Video: Recognizing the Two Main Groups That Carl Linnaeus Classified Organisms Into Biology

Carl Linnaeus classified organisms into two distinct groups. What were these groups?

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Video Transcript

Carl Linnaeus classified organisms into two distinct groups. What were these groups?

In order to answer this question, we’ll first recall that the classification of organisms is a science that’s existed since ancient times. Scientists today use genetic information to classify organisms based on evolutionary relationships. But as early as Aristotle, scientists were grouping organisms together based on observable characteristics. Today, we often refer to the five-kingdom system of classification developed by Robert Whittaker. His kingdoms of life included monera, protist, plant, fungi, and animal.

But Carl Linnaeus is often credited with coining the term kingdoms for these types of groups. He classified all things, living and nonliving, into three kingdoms: animal, vegetable, and mineral. But our question is asking us specifically about how Linnaeus classified organisms or living things. Linnaeus’s two kingdoms for organisms were the animal kingdom and the plant kingdom.

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