A man works eight hours a day. In one week, he had one day off. How many hours did he work that week?
What do we know? We know that every day the man works. He works eight hours. We also know that in one week he had one day off. So how many hours did he work that week? Every day that he worked, he worked eight hours. And we need to multiply that by the number of days he worked.
It’s one week. We know that that week has seven days in it. But he had one day off. So we can subtract his one day off from the seven days in a week. And we can say that the man worked six days that week. So we multiply the eight hours that he works every day he works times the six days that the man worked this week.
Eight times six equals 48. The man worked 48 hours in that week.