### Video Transcript

True or false: The series, which is
the sum from π equals one to β of one over π squared plus one, is convergent by
the ratio test.

Weβll need to apply the ratio test
to this series. The ratio test tells us that for
the series, which is the sum from π equals one to β of π π, where πΏ is equal to
the limit as π tends to β of the absolute value of π π plus one over π π. Then, firstly, if πΏ is less than
one, then the series converges absolutely. Secondly, if πΏ is greater than
one, then the series diverges. And thirdly, if πΏ is equal to one,
then the test is inconclusive.

From the series given in the
question, we have that π π is equal to one over π squared plus one. Therefore, π π plus one is equal
to one over π plus one squared plus one, which after we distribute the parentheses,
we can see is equal to one over π squared plus two π plus two. Now, weβre ready to find our value
of πΏ. We have that πΏ is equal to the
limit as π tends to β of π π plus one over π π. Substituting in our values for π
π and π π plus one, we can see that this limit is equal to the limit as π tends
to β of the absolute value of π squared plus one over π squared plus two π plus
two.

Now, we can divide both the
numerator and denominator of the fraction here by π squared. And weβll do this because weβre
trying to find the infinite limit of a rational function. And π squared is the highest power
which occurs in our fraction. So we have the limit as π tends to
β of the absolute value of one plus one over π squared all over one plus two over
π plus two over π squared. Next, we used the fact that the
limit as π tends to β of one over π is equal to zero. Therefore, any term within our
limit, which uses one over π or one over π squared, will tend to zero as π tends
to β.

And so our limit will become the
absolute value of one plus zero over one plus zero plus zero. And this is simply equal to
one. Therefore, we found that πΏ is
equal to one. Looking at the ratio test, we can
see that this satisfies condition number three. Therefore, we can say that the
ratio test is inconclusive. It doesnβt tell us whether this
series is absolutely convergent, conditionally convergent, or divergent. Therefore, the answer to this
question is false.