### Video Transcript

The figure shows square π΄π΅πΆπ· inscribed in a circle π. Given that the radius of circle π is 32 centimeters, find the perimeter of the shaded region. Give your answer to the nearest centimeter.

So what Iβve done first of all is marked on diagram that weβve got 32 centimeters as the radius. So therefore, what we can do is work out what the line π·π΅ is going to be, so the diagonal of our square. This is gonna be equal to two multiplied by ππ΅ because ππ΅ is the radius, and π·π΅ represents a diameter. Well, this is gonna give us two multiplied by 32 which is equal to 64 centimeters. Okay, great. So this is the diagonal of our square. But is this useful? Well, yes, it is because what we need to do is find the perimeter of the shaded region. And to do that, itβs gonna be two sections, first of all, the arc from πΆ to π΅. And then we have the line which is one of the sides of our square.

But how can we work out a side of the square? So actually, to find out what π is or one of the side lengths, we can use the Pythagorean theorem. And this is because if we take half of our square, weβve got a right triangle with two side lengths π and a hypotenuse we know of 64. So therefore, if we substitute what weβve got into our Pythagorean theorem, weβve got 64 squared is equal to π squared plus π squared, which is gonna give us 4096 is equal to two π squared. So if we divide this by two to find out what π squared is, weβre gonna have 2048 is equal to π squared. And then what weβre gonna do is take the square root of both sides of the equation. So weβre gonna have that the distance π, so the side length of our square, is equal to the square root of 2048.

At this point, Iβm gonna leave it like this. And thatβs because we want to keep it as accurate as possible so we donβt have any rounding errors. So now, what we need to do is find the arc length. Well, to find the arc length, what we need to notice is the fact that our circle is broken up by four identical sides because we have a square. So therefore, the arc length πΆπ΅ is gonna be the same as the arc lengths πΆπ·, π·π΄, and π΄π΅. So therefore, to find out what our arc length is going to be, what we need to do is have the circumference of a circle, which is πd or two ππ, and then divide it by four because we have four identical arcs.

So we can say that the arc length πΆπ΅ is equal to π multiplied by 64, because thatβs our diameter, divided by four, which is gonna give us an answer of 16π. Okay, great. So we now had the two sections that we need to put together to find the perimeter of the shaded region. So letβs do that now.

So if weβve got the perimeter of the shaded region, this is gonna be equal to the square root of 2048 plus 16π, which is gonna give 95.5203. But weβre looking for the answer to the nearest centimeter. So therefore, we can say that the perimeter of the shaded region is gonna be equal to 96 centimeters. And thatβs to the nearest centimeter.