### Video Transcript

There are five bananas in one
bunch. Eight multiplied by five is the
total number of bananas in what bunches?

The first fact that we’re told in
this question is that there are five bananas in one bunch. We’re given a picture to help
us. And if you count them, you’ll see
that there are five. In a way, we can think about this
bunch of bananas as being a group of bananas. We’ve then got a sentence that we
need to complete. It is “eight multiplied by five is
the total number of bananas in what bunches.” Can you see an interesting symbol
in this sentence? It’s in between the number eight
and the number five, isn’t it? And it looks like a small letter
x.

It is not a letter x at all
though. This is the multiplication
symbol. And when we write it in between the
numbers eight and five like this, we could say eight multiplied by five, eight times
five, eight lots of five. These are all ways of saying the
same thing. As we’ve said already, our bunch of
bananas is really a group of five. So what do you think eight times
five means if we’re talking about bananas? It means eight lots of five
bananas, doesn’t it? And because there are five bananas
in a bunch, we know that it means eight bunches of bananas. Eight multiplied by five is the
total number of bananas in eight bunches.