Video: Relating Products of Whole Numbers to Equal Groups

There are 5 bananas in one bunch. 8 × 5 is the total number of bananas in _ bunches

01:37

Video Transcript

There are five bananas in one bunch. Eight multiplied by five is the total number of bananas in what bunches?

The first fact that we’re told in this question is that there are five bananas in one bunch. We’re given a picture to help us. And if you count them, you’ll see that there are five. In a way, we can think about this bunch of bananas as being a group of bananas. We’ve then got a sentence that we need to complete. It is “eight multiplied by five is the total number of bananas in what bunches.” Can you see an interesting symbol in this sentence? It’s in between the number eight and the number five, isn’t it? And it looks like a small letter x.

It is not a letter x at all though. This is the multiplication symbol. And when we write it in between the numbers eight and five like this, we could say eight multiplied by five, eight times five, eight lots of five. These are all ways of saying the same thing. As we’ve said already, our bunch of bananas is really a group of five. So what do you think eight times five means if we’re talking about bananas? It means eight lots of five bananas, doesn’t it? And because there are five bananas in a bunch, we know that it means eight bunches of bananas. Eight multiplied by five is the total number of bananas in eight bunches.

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