### Video Transcript

If triangle π΄ is mapped by a
reflection in the line π¦ equals π₯ to triangle π΄ prime, would the two triangles be
congruent?

Before we can answer this question,
we need to define a few of these terms. Congruent means the same size and
the same shape. And so, weβre asking if triangle π΄
and triangle π΄ prime are the same size and the same shape. We also need to consider what a
reflection is. In a reflection, every point is the
same distance from the central line. In our case, we have a reflection
about the line π¦ equals π₯. And that means every point from
triangle π΄ will be the same distance to the line π¦ equals π₯ as all the points in
triangle π΄ prime. But letβs sketch this to see what
it looks like.

First, weβll sketch a coordinate
plane. Now, letβs choose a triangle to be
triangle π΄, with a point two, one; a point four, one; and a point three, two. And weβll let this triangle be
triangle π΄. Our next step will be to locate the
reflection line π¦ equals π₯. We can use a table to find a few
points on the line π¦ equals π₯. When π₯ equals one, since π¦ equals
π₯, π¦ will be equal to one. And that means when π₯ is two, π¦
is two. And when π₯ is three, π¦ is
three. Letβs go ahead and add those points
to our line. One, one; two, two; three,
three. We can sketch the line π¦ equals π₯
from these three points.

Our triangle π΄ prime needs to be
reflected over this line. Something important happens to our
coordinates when we reflect points across the line π¦ equals π₯. The π₯-coordinate and the
π¦-coordinate change places. Since we have a point at two, one
in our triangle π΄. Weβll have a point at one, two in
the reflection. And since we have the point three,
two in triangle π΄, weβll have the point two, three in triangle π΄ prime. The final point in triangle π΄ is
four, one which means weβll have a point at one, four in triangle π΄ prime. So we connect the dots. And now we have to decide if these
two triangles are congruent. Are they the same shape and the
same size?

We know theyβre the same shape. Theyβre both triangles. Letβs consider their base and their
height. The reflection has a base from two
to four and the height from one to two. The base from triangle π΄ goes from
two to four and is also two units. The height of triangle π΄ is from
one to two, is one unit. We know that the area of a triangle
is one-half the height times the base. If we look at the areas of triangle
π΄ and triangle π΄ prime, the area of triangle π΄ is one-half times two times one,
one unit squared. And the area of triangle π΄ prime
is one-half times two times one, one unit squared.

This confirms that these two
triangles have the same shape and the same size. And so, we can say that, yes,
these two triangles are congruent. In fact, itβs always true that a
reflection has the same size as the original image. And so, we can say that a
reflection is always congruent to its original image.