### Video Transcript

Determine the inflection points of
the curve π¦ equals π₯ squared plus two π₯ minus five.

First of all, letβs remind
ourselves what an inflection point is. Itβs a point where the concavity
changes. We go from concave up to concave
down or concave down to concave up. To identify inflection points, we
use the second derivative. So, letβs visualize why the second
derivative helps us to find inflection points.

If this is a graph of a function
π, not necessarily our function, we can see that this part of the graph is concave
down and this part is concave up. So, the point in-between is an
inflection point. Where the graph is concave down,
the slope is decreasing. And where the graph is concave up,
the slope is increasing. So, if we graph the derivative of
this function π prime, which is the slope function, it would look like this. Decreasing, while the graph of π
is concave down. And after the point of inflection,
itβs increasing where the graph of π is concave up.

What about the second
derivative? Well, the slope of the graph of π
prime of π₯ is negative before the point of inflection and itβs positive after. So, what does this tell us? A point of inflection occurs where
the second derivative changes sign from negative to positive or positive to
negative. So, thatβs why the second
derivative helps us to find inflection points. Letβs go ahead and find our second
derivative.

To do this, letβs remember the
general power rule that the derivative of ππ₯ to the power of π is πππ₯ to the
power of π minus one. So, for our function of π₯, π₯
squared plus two π₯ minus five, π prime of π₯ equals two π₯ plus two. Thatβs because π₯ on its own is the
same as π₯ to the power of one. So, two π₯ differentiates to
two. And constants like negative five
differentiate to zero. And now, we differentiate again to
get our second derivative. This gives us π double prime of π₯
equals two.

Remember, we said that, to find
inflection points, weβre looking for points where the second derivative function
changes sign. But we got a positive constant, so
what does this mean? Well, π of π₯ is concave up where
the second derivative is positive. As the second derivative is a
constant, it canβt change sign. So, the graph of π¦ must always be
concave up. So, as the concavity doesnβt
change, we conclude that the curve has no inflection points. In fact, if we draw a sketch of
this function, we can see that the curve is always concave up. There are no points of inflection
on this curve.