### Video Transcript

The diagram shows three NOT gates
connected as part of a logic circuit. The truth table shows the two different
possible inputs. What is the value of π in the table? What is the value of π in the table?

So in this question, weβve been given a
diagram showing a logic circuit consisting of three NOT gates. A logic circuit is made by connecting
logic gates together such that the output of a logic gate becomes one of the inputs of
another logic gate. For example, if we give the NOT gates in
our diagram the names A, B, and C, then we could say that the output of NOT gate A is the
input of NOT gate B. And similarly, the output of NOT gate B
is the input of NOT gate C. Weβve also been given a truth table,
although a couple of things about this truth table might seem slightly unusual.

A truth table is used to show how
different inputs or combinations of inputs produce certain outputs. And we often use them to show how a
single logic gate behaves. However, in this case, we can see that
the input and output referred to in the table are not just the input and output of a single
logic gate. Instead, theyβre the input and output of
a logic circuit which contains three NOT gates. In addition to this, we can see that
instead of our outputs being given as zeros and ones, which would be normal for a truth
table, the possible outputs are given as π and π. The questions weβve been asked are, what
is the value of π and what is the value of π?

Since π and π are in the output row of
our table, these questions are essentially asking us, what are the possible outputs of our
logic circuit? Specifically, π refers to the output
when the input to our circuit is zero. And π refers to the output when the
input to our circuit is one. So to find π, we need to figure out what
the output of our circuit would be when the input is zero. Well, if our initial input to our circuit
is zero, that means that NOT gate A has a zero as its input. Letβs recall that the output of a NOT
gate will always be the inverse of its input. In other words, if we input a zero into a
NOT gate, then it will output a one. And if we input a one into a NOT gate,
then it will output a zero.

So if our input into NOT gate A is a
zero, then its output will be a one. And our logic circuit diagram shows us
that the output of A becomes the input of gate B. Since B is a NOT gate as well, inputting
a one will mean that it outputs a zero. And this then becomes the input to gate
C. Once again, gate C is a NOT gate,
too. So inputting a zero will mean that it
outputs a one. And weβve now reached the end of our
diagram. So weβve shown that when we input a zero
into our circuit diagram, then the output labeled in the diagram will be one. And since π represents the output of the
circuit when the input is zero, that means that the value of π in the table is one.

The value of π in the table represents
the output of the circuit when the input to the circuit is one. So letβs see what happens when we input
one into our logic circuit. As before, each of the NOT gates will
invert the input, meaning a one is changed into a zero or a zero would be changed into a
one. Since NOT gate A has an input of one,
that means it has an output of zero. This means that NOT gate B has an input
of zero, so it has an output of one. And finally, if gate C has an input of
one, then it has an output of zero, which means that the overall output of the circuit is
zero. And so the value of π in the table is
zero.