Question Video: Finding the Measure of an Angle given Its Arc’s Measure Using Another Inscribed Angle by Solving Two Linear Equations Mathematics

Given that π‘šβˆ π΄πΈπΆ = 36Β° and π‘šβˆ π΅π΄π· = (4π‘₯ βˆ’ 8)Β°, determine the value of π‘₯.

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Video Transcript

Given that the measure of angle 𝐴𝐸𝐢 equals 36 degrees and the measure of angle 𝐡𝐴𝐷 equals four π‘₯ minus eight degrees, determine the value of π‘₯.

We are given, firstly, that the measure of angle 𝐴𝐸𝐢 is 36 degrees. The measure of angle 𝐡𝐴𝐷 is four π‘₯ minus eight degrees. We don’t have any theorems that tell us immediately how these two angles are related. So let’s observe that we are given a set of parallel line segments. The line segment 𝐴𝐡 is parallel to the line segment 𝐢𝐷. And so we can say that this angle of 𝐴𝐷𝐢 must be alternate to angle 𝐡𝐴𝐷. So they will have equal angle measures of four π‘₯ minus eight degrees.

Now, we can use the property that inscribed angles subtended by the same arc are equal. We should observe that this arc 𝐴𝐢 subtends two angles, angle 𝐴𝐷𝐢 and angle 𝐴𝐸𝐢, meaning that these two angle measures will be the same. And so we can set up an equation that four π‘₯ minus eight degrees is equal to 36 degrees. Since the brackets on the left-hand side are simply there just to indicate that this is a measure in angles, then we can drop the brackets and the degrees from both sides of the equation. We can then add eight to both sides, giving us four π‘₯ is equal to 44. Dividing both sides of the equation, we have the answer that π‘₯ is equal to 11.

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