Video: Ways to Make 10

In this video, we will learn how to use objects and pictures to find different ways to make the number 10.

07:53

Video Transcript

Ways to Make 10

In this video, we will learn how to use objects and pictures to find different ways to make 10. This equipment is called an abacus. Each row contains a total of 10 beads. And we can move the beads to show all different ways to make 10. One and nine makes 10. Two and eight makes 10. Three plus seven equals 10. Four plus six equals 10. So does five plus five. Six plus four makes 10. Seven plus three makes 10. Eight plus two equals 10. Nine plus one equals 10. And 10 plus zero equals 10.

You may not have an abacus in your home or in your classroom. But there’s lots of other maths equipment that we can use to find ways to make 10. We could use a ten frame.

Which addition fact did we model using the counters? There are nine orange counters and one blue. The way we found to make 10 is nine plus one. We could change the order of the numbers and say one blue counter plus nine orange counters makes 10.

We could also use a cube train to find ways to make 10. We’ve got 10 cubes altogether. How many are red? Let’s count them. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven. We have seven red cubes and one, two, three blue. Seven plus three makes 10. If we swap the colors over or turn our cube train to face the other way, we can find another way to make 10. Seven plus three makes 10, and three plus seven makes 10.

So far, we’ve learned that we can use an abacus, counters and a ten frame, and a cube train to find different ways to make 10. Let’s put into practice what we’ve learned using some questions.

How many more owls do we need to make 10?

This question is all about making 10. We’ve been given a model to help us. It’s a ten frame, and it has some owls inside. The model is called a ten frame because it has 10 squares. So to make 10, we just need to make sure that all the squares in the ten frame have an owl inside. Let’s count how many owls we have already. One, two, three, four, five, six. How many more owls do we need to make 10? One, two, three, four. We had six owls, and we added four more. Six, seven, eight, nine, 10. Six and four more owls makes 10. We needed four more owls to make 10.

Look at the blocks. What number is missing? Eight and what makes 10.

This question is all about making 10. We know that eight and something makes 10. And we’ve been given a model of a cube train to help. We know that eight of the blocks are red. How many are blue? One, two. There are eight red blocks and two blue. Eight and two makes 10. The missing number is number two. We knew there were eight red blocks, and we counted two blue blocks. Eight and two makes 10. The missing number is number two.

There are 10 rabbits in this field, but some are hiding. How many are hiding?

We know that there are 10 rabbits in the field. This question is all about making 10. Although there are 10 rabbits, some of them are hiding. To find out how many are hiding, let’s count the rabbits that we can see. We could use this counting frame to help. Each time we count a rabbit, we could place a counter in our counting frame. There’s one rabbit, two, three, four, five, six. We can see six of the rabbits. We know that there are 10 rabbits in the field, but we can only see six. How many more counters do we need to make 10? One, two, three, four.

If there are 10 rabbits in the field and we can see six of them, then four of the rabbits are hiding. Six and four makes 10. Now we know that four rabbits are hiding.

Pick two of these numbers that make 10. Is it eight and two, five and four, or five and two?

In this question, we have to pick two numbers which go together to make 10. And we have to choose from the four numbers that we’ve been given. Eight, five, two, and four. And we’re given three possible answers. Does eight and two make 10? Could we put these two together to make 10? Here’s a ten frame that we’ve drawn. And it has eight squares colored blue. If we add two more, will we have 10? Let’s see. One, two. Our ten frame is full. We’ve got 10 squares colored blue. Eight and two make 10. The two numbers that go together to make 10 are eight and two.

Five and four makes nine. Do you know what five and two makes? It’s seven. The two numbers that make 10 are eight and two.

What have we learned in this video? We have learned how to use models and pictures to find different ways to make 10.

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