### Video Transcript

The π₯-component of the force
applied on a golf ball of mass 38 grams by a golf club is shown in the diagram. What is the π₯-component of the
impulse applied on the golf ball between zero milliseconds and 50 milliseconds? What is the π₯-component of the
impulse applied on a golf ball between 50 milliseconds and 100 milliseconds?

We can call these π₯-components of
the impulse π½ sub π₯ one and π½ sub π₯ two, respectively. When we look at the diagram, we see
itβs a graphical representation of the force in the π₯-direction applied to the golf
ball versus the time in milliseconds over which that force is applied. Over a time span of zero to 100
milliseconds, the force varies from zero to 300 newtons. Since we want to solve for
components of impulse, weβll consider that impulse in general is equal to the
integral of the applied force times ππ‘. We know that this integral
represented graphically would equal area under the curve of force versus time. So on our diagram, we can
graphically represent what π½ sub π₯ one and π½ sub π₯ two are.

π½ sub π₯ one, which is the impulse
applied in the π₯-direction to the golf ball from zero to 50 milliseconds, is equal
to the area under the curve for that time interval. Similarly, π½ sub π₯ two, itβs the
area under the curve from 50 to 100 milliseconds. We can write then that π½ sub π₯
one is equal to the area of the triangle shown, one-half the base of 50 times 10 to
the negative third seconds or 50 milliseconds times the height of 300 newtons. When we multiply these three values
together, we find a result of 7.5 kilograms-meters per second. Thatβs the π₯-component impulse
delivered to the golf ball from zero to 50 milliseconds.

Next, we want to solve for π½ sub
π₯ two, the area under the curve from 50 to 100 milliseconds. That area is equal to the area of
the rectangle with base 100 minus 50, or simply 50 times 10 to the negative third
seconds, multiplied by the height of 300 newtons. This results in a value of 15
kilograms-meters per second. Thatβs the π₯-component of the
impulse delivered to the golf ball from 50 to 100 milliseconds.