Question Video: Identifying a Science Discipline Relevant to Stability and Structure of Atoms | Nagwa Question Video: Identifying a Science Discipline Relevant to Stability and Structure of Atoms | Nagwa

Question Video: Identifying a Science Discipline Relevant to Stability and Structure of Atoms Chemistry • First Year of Secondary School

A theoretical chemistry research group is studying the atomic structure of the elements and the stability of synthetic elements. Which other science discipline does this research overlap with? [A] Biology [B] Medicine [C] Physics [D] Earth science [E] Metallurgy

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Video Transcript

A theoretical chemistry research group is studying the atomic structure of the elements and the stability of synthetic elements. Which other science discipline does this research overlap with? (A) Biology, (B) medicine, (C) physics, (D) earth science, or (E) metallurgy.

Science is a collaborative discipline for the knowledge of humanity to grow and prosper. The various fields of science often rely on each other to share knowledge and learn new things. That is why it is important to understand what the various fields of science study and specialize in to better understand how they can collaborate.

Scientific disciplines can be typically broken down into physical sciences, which study nonliving systems, and life sciences, which study living systems. For example, chemistry is the study of matter in nonliving systems, a physical science. Chemistry is the study of what matter consists of, its properties, how it’s used, and how it changes. Biology, a life science, is the study of living systems and the processes and chemical reactions that give rise to and sustain life. Biology often uses chemistry to explain biological processes. However, biology does not deal with the study of atomic structure or elements, synthetic or natural. Thus, biology is not the science discipline that this research overlaps with. So option (A) biology is not the answer to this question.

Option (B) is medicine. Medicine is the life science of healing. It covers a broad area, but it is generally considered to be the field of health and healing. A lot of the treatments within medicine use the principles of chemistry, but medicine itself isn’t especially relevant to studying atomic structure or the stability of synthetic elements. Thus, it’s highly unlikely that option (B) medicine is the answer to this question.

Option (C) is physics. Physics is the study of matter and energy and their behavior over space and time. It is similar to chemistry, as it also involves the study of matter. It deals with elements and atomic structure, including their stability over space and time in nonliving systems. So it seems as though physics may be the science discipline with which this research overlaps. Thus, option (C) physics would be the answer to this question. But to confirm, let’s look at options (D) and (E).

Option (D) is earth science, a physical science, which is the study of the Earth and the atmosphere, including the Earth’s structure, properties, and processes. This field maintains that the science of the Earth is essential to the maintenance of life on the planet. Although there may be a small amount of overlap between earth science and atomic structure of the elements and stability of synthetic elements, earth science is not especially relevant to either of these. Thus, option (D) earth science is not the answer to this question.

Option (E) is metallurgy. Metallurgy, a physical science, is the study of the physical and chemical properties of metals along with their production and purification. This includes metal alloys and various forms of metalloids. So metallurgy may involve studying the atomic structure of elements, but the elements in question will be metals. So metallurgy doesn’t have much of an overlap with this research. Thus, option (E) metallurgy is not the answer to this question.

As the question asks which other discipline studies the atomic structure of the elements and the stability of synthetic elements and physics is the study of atomic elements and structure and their interaction with time and space, including their stability, a physicist can use their knowledge to help a chemist study both the atomic structure and the stability of synthetic elements. Thus, the answer to the question “Which other science discipline does this research overlap with?” is (C) physics.

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