Find the length of the line segment 𝐵𝐶, giving the answer to two decimal places.
In this question, we’re asked to determine the length of the line segment 𝐵𝐶. And we can see in the diagram that 𝐵𝐶 is the side length in a right triangle. We need to give our answer to two decimal places. To answer this question, let’s start by saying that the line segment 𝐵𝐶 has a length of 𝑥. We can now see we’re trying to determine the length of the side in a right triangle where we know one of the non-right angles of the right triangle and one of the other side lengths. This means we can determine the value of 𝑥 by using right triangle trigonometry.
And we recall the first thing we should do when trying to use right triangle trigonometry is label the side lengths of the triangle. First, we should label the hypotenuse. It’s the longest length in the right triangle, which is the one opposite the right angle. And in this case, we can see that’s the side 𝐴𝐶. This is called the hypotenuse of the right triangle.
Now we need to label the other two sides of our right triangle. And we do this by considering their position in relation to our known angle. In particular, we can see that the side 𝐵𝐶 is opposite our angle of 47 degrees. So we call the side 𝐵𝐶 the opposite side. Finally, although it’s not necessary in this question, we can label the side 𝐵𝐴. Since the side 𝐵𝐴 is next to the angle of 47 degrees and not the hypotenuse, we call it the adjacent side.
And now that we’ve labeled all three sides of the right triangle relative to their position of the angle of 47 degrees, we can start applying right triangle trigonometry. To do this, we’ll start by recalling the following acronym: SOH CAH TOA. This acronym can help us determine which of the three trigonometric ratios we need to use to answer the question. And we can do this by considering the values we know or want to find. First, we know the hypotenuse of this right triangle. And second, we want to determine the length of the opposite side to our angle. In other words, we want to find the trigonometric ratio linking the opposite side to the hypotenuse.
And we can see that this is the sine function. If 𝜃 is the angle in a right triangle, then the sin of 𝜃 is the ratio of the length of the opposite side to angle 𝜃 divided by the length of the hypotenuse. Now, all we need to do is substitute the values in our right triangle into this equation. Our value of 𝜃 is 47 degrees. The length of the hypotenuse is 15 centimeters. And the length of the opposite side is 𝑥. Therefore, the sin of 47 degrees is equal to 𝑥 divided by 15.
Now, all we need to do is solve this equation for 𝑥. We’ll do this by multiplying both sides of the equation through by 15. This gives us that 𝑥 is equal to 15 times the sin of 47 degrees. And we can evaluate this by using a calculator. To do this, we type the expression into our calculator, and we need to remember to set our calculator to degrees mode. This would give us that 𝑥 is 10.970, and this expansion continues. And it’s important to remember in the diagram we’re given that the lengths were in centimeters, so 𝑥 is measured in centimeters.
Finally, the question wants us to give our answer to two decimal places. So we’ll look at the third decimal place of 𝑥, which is zero. Since this is less than five, we need to round this value down, giving us 10.97 centimeters, which is our final answer. Therefore, we were able to determine the length of the line segment 𝐵𝐶 to two decimal places. It was 10.97 centimeters.