Ajay, Sam, and Kemi have four conkers each. How many conkers do they have altogether?
We know that each of the three friends has four conkers. So we have three groups of four conkers. Here’s one group of four. And here’s another group of four which makes two. And one more group of four makes three groups of four. How many conkers are there altogether?
We could add together four plus four plus four. This is the same as three groups of four. Four plus four is eight. Eight plus four is 12. We could also count in fours to find the answer. Four, eight, 12. Three groups of four makes 12 conkers altogether.