### Video Transcript

In a class, there are 18 boys and
seven girls. Determine the number of ways that a
team of three members can be selected.

In this question, weโre looking to
choose a team of three people from our class. Now in our class, there are 18 boys
and seven girls. Weโre not told that our team should
be made up of a certain number of boys and girls, though. So instead, we add 18 and
seven. And we see that weโre looking to
find the number of ways of choosing three students from a total of 25. And in fact, weโre not given any
indication at all that order matters here. In mathematics, this has a special
name. Itโs called a combination. A combination is a way of
calculating the total outcomes of an event where the order of the outcomes doesnโt
matter.

We say that the number of ways of
choosing ๐ items from a total of ๐ items, where the order of these items does not
matter, is ๐ choose ๐. ๐ choose ๐ itself is ๐ factorial
over ๐ factorial times ๐ minus ๐ factorial. Now in this case, weโre looking to
choose three students, a team of three students, from a total of 25. And so, weโre going to let ๐ be
equal to 25 and ๐ be equal to three. And then, we see that the number of
ways of choosing this team of three members is 25 choose three. And thatโs equal to 25 factorial
over three factorial times 25 minus three factorial.

Now, in fact, 25 minus three is
22. So, we simplify this a little to
give us 25 factorial over three factorial times 22 factorial. Now, we know that 25 factorial is
25 times 24 times 23 and so on. But generally, we want to avoid
evaluating the factorials in our formula. Instead, we notice that 25
factorial can be written as 25 times 24 times 23 times 22 factorial. And then, we see we can simplify
our fraction by dividing both the numerator and denominator by 22 factorial. Similarly, we know three times two
is six, and we can divide both 24 and six by six. And so, 25 choose three simplifies
to 25 times four times 23 divided by one, which is, of course, simply 25 times four
times 23. 25 times four is 100. And so, this becomes 100 times 23,
which is 2300.

And so, if there are 18 boys and
~~17~~ [seven] girls in a class, the number of ways that a team of three
members can be selected is 2300.