### Video Transcript

Suppose a population grows
according to a logistic model with an initial population of 1000 and a carrying
capacity of 10000. If the population grows to 2500
after one year, what will the population be after another three years?

We know that the general solution
to the logistic model is given by π of π‘ is equal to πΏ over one plus π΄π to the
negative ππ‘, where π΄ is equal to πΏ minus π nought over π nought. Here πΏ is the carrying capacity of
the population, π nought is the initial population, and π is the growth rate of
the population.

Weβve been given some of this
information in the question. Weβre told that the initial
population, π nought, is 1000. And weβre told that the carrying
capacity, πΏ, is 10000. But we havenβt been given the
growth rate of the population. Instead, weβve been given another
pair of values for π and π‘. Weβre told that the population
after one year is 2500. Weβll be able to combine this
information with our values of πΏ and π nought in order to determine the growth
rate of the population.

First, we can work out the value of
the constant π΄. Itβs πΏ minus π nought over π
nought, 10000 minus 1000 over 1000, which is 9000 over 1000, which is nine. Substituting πΏ and π΄ into our
model then, we have that π of π‘ is equal to 10000 over one plus nine π to the
power of negative ππ‘.

Now we can use the population after
one year in order to determine the value of π. Substituting 2500 for π and one
for π‘, we have 2500 equals 10000 over one plus nine π to the negative π. To solve for π, we first multiply
by one plus nine π to the negative π and then divide by 2500, giving one plus nine
π to the negative π is equal to four. We can then subtract one and divide
by nine, giving π to the negative π equals four minus one over nine, which is
three-ninths or one-third.

We then take natural logarithms of
each side, knowing that this will cancel out with the exponential on the left-hand
side, to give negative π equals the natural logarithm of one-third. We can then multiply by negative
one to give π equals negative the natural logarithm of one-third. And using laws of logarithms, this
is equal to the natural logarithm of three. So we found the value of π, the
growth rate of the population. Our model therefore becomes π of
π‘ equals 10000 over one plus nine π to the negative π‘ multiplied by the natural
logarithm of three.

Now weβre asked for the population
after another three years, which means weβre looking for the population when π‘ is
equal to four. So the final step is to substitute
π‘ equals four into our model. We have then that π of four is
equal to 10000 over one plus nine π to the negative four ln three. This actually works out very
nicely, which you can see if you apply laws of logarithms in the denominator. We get 10000 over 10 over nine,
which is 10000 times nine over 10, which is equal to 9000. So we find that the population
after another three years, that is, the population four years after weβve started,
is 9000.