### Video Transcript

The diagram shows a body of mass π
kilograms, which moves with a constant acceleration of 0.8 meters per square second
under the action of three vertical forces. Given that the weight of the body
is π€ and the forces are measured in newtons, find π. Use π equals 9.8 meters per square
second.

Weβre trying to find the value of
π, but weβve got an extra unknown π€. And weβll see how they link in a
moment. To begin with, weβre just going to
work out the weight of the body. Weight is a force, and so weβre
going to use Newtonβs second law of motion. Net force is equal to mass times
acceleration. And so weβre going to find the net
force acting on this body and set that equal to mass times acceleration. And to do so, we need to find the
positive direction. Letβs define downwards to be
positive. Then we can say in the positive
direction, we have π€. In the negative direction, we have
10 and 71. So the net force in our system is
π€ minus 10 minus 71, which is π€ minus 81. Then thatβs equal to mass times
acceleration.

Notice that the acceleration is
acting in the positive direction. So ππ becomes π times 0.8. And so we can say that π€ minus 81
is 0.8π. But what is π€ and how does it link
with the mass π? Well, π€ is known as the weight of
the body. And somewhat counterintuitively,
that is in fact a force. In fact, as a direct result of
Newtonβs second law, weight is known as the mass of the object times its
acceleration due to gravity. So weight is ππ.

We can therefore rewrite our
equation as ππ minus 81 equals 0.8π. Remember, weβre trying to find the
value of π, so we need to make π the subject. Letβs subtract 0.8π from both
sides. That gives us ππ minus 81 minus
0.8π equals zero. Next, we add 81, and we then notice
that on the left-hand side of our equation we can factor π. So our equation becomes π times π
minus 0.8 equals 81. But of course, π is equal to
9.8. So π minus 0.8 is 9.8 minus 0.8,
and 9.8 minus 0.8 is just nine. So we get nine π equals 81. And to solve our equation for π,
weβre going to divide both sides by nine. 81 divided by nine is nine. And so the value of π is nine. The body has a mass of nine
kilograms.