Comparing Numbers up to 10 Using
In this video, we will learn how to
compare numbers up to 10 and use the symbols for less than, greater than, and equal
to. Let’s think about what each symbol
looks like and what each symbol means. This is the less than symbol. This is the smallest end of the
symbol. And this is where we place the
smallest number when we’re comparing two numbers. And this is the greatest end of the
symbol where we put the largest number.
Here we have a five-frame with
three counters. The second five-frame has one
counter. Which is less, three or one? One is less than three. We put the smallest number or the
smallest amount at the smallest end of the symbol. And the largest number or the
largest number of counters at the largest end of the symbol. So, we can say one is less than
This symbol means greater than. The smallest number or the least
amount of objects goes at the smallest end of the symbol. And the largest number or greatest
amount goes at the largest end of the symbol. Six is greater than four. We know this because number six
comes after number four on our number track. As we count from left to right on
the number track, the numbers increase. Zero, one, two, three, four, five,
six, seven, eight, nine, 10. Six is greater than four. The number with the greatest value
goes at the largest end of the symbol. And the number with the least value
goes at the smallest end of the symbol.
The final symbol we’re going to use
in this video is the equal to symbol. The ends of this symbol are in
equal distance apart. We could say four is equal to
four. The amount or the numbers at either
side of the symbol are equal. Let’s practice comparing numbers up
to 10 using the less than, greater than, and equal to symbols.
Compare these numbers. Two, four. Complete the statement; two is what
four. Is it less than, equal to, or
We’re shown two numbers, the
numbers two and four. We have to compare them. And then, we have to complete the
statement, two is what four. We could use the less than
symbol. Our statement would say, two is
less than four. The answer could be two is equal to
four. Or, we could use the greater than
symbol. Two is greater than four.
We can use the counters to help
us. We can see that two counters are
less than four counters. So, the missing symbol is less
than. Two is less than four. The correct symbol is less than
because two is less than four.
Emma picks up a number card. Jakob picks up a number card. Six, what, five. Select the correct symbol to
compare their numbers. Is it equal to, greater than, or
Emma picked the number six, and
Jakob picked the number five. Which is the correct symbol to
compare their numbers? Is six equal to five? Is six greater than five? Or, is six less than five? We could use a number track to help
us compare these two numbers. We can see that six comes after
five. This means that six is greater than
five because, as we count along the number line from left to right, the numbers get
bigger. They increase. The missing symbol is greater
than. Six is greater than five.
Is 10 less than equal to or greater than 10?
In this question, the two numbers
we’re asked to compare are the numbers 10 and 10. And we have two 10-frames, both
containing 10 counters. We have to choose the correct
symbol. Is 10 less than 10? Is 10 equal to 10? Or, is 10 greater than 10? Both 10-frames contain an equal
amount. They both have 10 counters. The missing symbol is the equal to
symbol because 10 is equal to 10.
What have we learned in this
video? We’ve learned how to compare
numbers up to 10 using the symbols less than, equal to, and greater than.