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Lesson Video: Comparing Numbers up to 10 Using Symbols Mathematics

In this video, we will learn how to compare numbers up to 10 and use the symbols for less than, greater than, and equal to.

06:37

Video Transcript

Comparing Numbers up to 10 Using Symbols

In this video, we will learn how to compare numbers up to 10 and use the symbols for less than, greater than, and equal to. Let’s think about what each symbol looks like and what each symbol means. This is the less than symbol. This is the smallest end of the symbol. And this is where we place the smallest number when we’re comparing two numbers. And this is the greatest end of the symbol where we put the largest number.

Here we have a five-frame with three counters. The second five-frame has one counter. Which is less, three or one? One is less than three. We put the smallest number or the smallest amount at the smallest end of the symbol. And the largest number or the largest number of counters at the largest end of the symbol. So, we can say one is less than three.

This symbol means greater than. The smallest number or the least amount of objects goes at the smallest end of the symbol. And the largest number or greatest amount goes at the largest end of the symbol. Six is greater than four. We know this because number six comes after number four on our number track. As we count from left to right on the number track, the numbers increase. Zero, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. Six is greater than four. The number with the greatest value goes at the largest end of the symbol. And the number with the least value goes at the smallest end of the symbol.

The final symbol we’re going to use in this video is the equal to symbol. The ends of this symbol are in equal distance apart. We could say four is equal to four. The amount or the numbers at either side of the symbol are equal. Let’s practice comparing numbers up to 10 using the less than, greater than, and equal to symbols.

Compare these numbers. Two, four. Complete the statement; two is what four. Is it less than, equal to, or greater than?

We’re shown two numbers, the numbers two and four. We have to compare them. And then, we have to complete the statement, two is what four. We could use the less than symbol. Our statement would say, two is less than four. The answer could be two is equal to four. Or, we could use the greater than symbol. Two is greater than four.

We can use the counters to help us. We can see that two counters are less than four counters. So, the missing symbol is less than. Two is less than four. The correct symbol is less than because two is less than four.

Emma picks up a number card. Jakob picks up a number card. Six, what, five. Select the correct symbol to compare their numbers. Is it equal to, greater than, or less than?

Emma picked the number six, and Jakob picked the number five. Which is the correct symbol to compare their numbers? Is six equal to five? Is six greater than five? Or, is six less than five? We could use a number track to help us compare these two numbers. We can see that six comes after five. This means that six is greater than five because, as we count along the number line from left to right, the numbers get bigger. They increase. The missing symbol is greater than. Six is greater than five.

Is 10 less than equal to or greater than 10?

In this question, the two numbers we’re asked to compare are the numbers 10 and 10. And we have two 10-frames, both containing 10 counters. We have to choose the correct symbol. Is 10 less than 10? Is 10 equal to 10? Or, is 10 greater than 10? Both 10-frames contain an equal amount. They both have 10 counters. The missing symbol is the equal to symbol because 10 is equal to 10.

What have we learned in this video? We’ve learned how to compare numbers up to 10 using the symbols less than, equal to, and greater than.

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