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Question Video: Stating the Type of Cells in Humans That Are Produced by Meiosis Science

What specialized cells in humans are produced by meiosis?


Video Transcript

What specialized cells in humans are produced by meiosis? (A) Neurons, (B) gametes, (C) muscle cells, (D) skin cells, (E) epithelial cells.

Each of the cells presented in these answer choices are specialized and have a specific function. Let’s go through each of them to see which ones are produced by meiosis.

Neurons are specialized cells that send and receive signals from the brain. These nerve cells are responsible for our senses and motor functions, among other things. They are not produced by meiosis, so answer choice (A) is incorrect.

The skin is our largest organ. Its primary purpose is to act as a barrier and help in protecting us from the elements and from pathogens. Skin cells are not produced by meiosis, so we can eliminate answer choice (D) as well.

Epithelial cells describe a wide variety of cells. These can include the cells of the epidermis, as well as the thin layer of cells that cover the exterior of organs. These cells are also not produced by meiosis. So answer choice (E) can be eliminated.

Muscle cells allow us to have voluntary motor control, in addition to performing essential life functions, such as heart contractions and digestive functions. There are many types of muscle cells, but none are produced by meiosis. So answer choice (C) is incorrect.

Meiosis is a process in which diploid parent cells divide to form haploid gamete cells, such as the sperm and egg cell. These gametes are used in sexual reproduction. Therefore, the specialized cells that are produced by meiosis is given by answer choice (B), gametes.

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