### Video Transcript

Given π of π₯ equals π₯ minus
four, π of π₯ equals π₯ squared, and β of π₯ equals two π₯, evaluate π of π of β
of three.

In this question, three functions,
π, π, and β of π₯, have been defined. Weβve been asked to evaluate π of
π of β of three. But what does this mean? Well, π of π of β of π₯ is a
composite function. When we write composite functions
like this, we work from right to left, from the function closest to the input
backwards. So, this notation is asking us to
take an input value of three, apply the function β to it, then apply the function π
to the result, and finally apply the function π to the result of this. We can do this step by step.

Letβs begin then by evaluating β of
three. β of π₯ is the function two π₯; it
takes an input value and multiply it by two. So, β of three is two times three,
which is equal to six. Next, weβre going to apply the
function π. But weβre going to apply it to the
value of β of three. β of three was six. So, π of β of three is the same as
π of six. Now, π of π₯ is the function which
takes an input value and squares it. So, π of six is six squared, which
is 36.

Weβve now found then that π of β
of three is 36. And we just need to apply the
function π. So, applying π to this value of π
of β of three gives π of 36. π is the function which takes its
input value and subtracts four. So, π of 36 is 36 minus four,
which is 32. So, by taking the input value
three, applying the function β, then the function π, and then the function π, we
found that π of π of β of three for the three given functions is 32.

Itβs worth mentioning that we could
also have taken a different approach to this question. We could have found an algebraic
expression for the composite function π of π of β of π₯ by composing the three
functions algebraically. And we could then have substituted
π₯ equals three at the end and evaluated this. But this wouldβve been more
complicated, and there wouldβve been more room for error than the method we chose,
which was to substitute π₯ equals three at the beginning and then apply each
function. Once again, we found that π of π
of β of three is equal to 32.