# Question Video: Finding the Area of a Parallelogram Using the Area of a Rectangle Mathematics

In the figure below, line 𝐴𝐵 ⫽ line 𝐶𝐸, line segment 𝐴𝐶 ⫽ line segment 𝐵𝐷, and 𝐴𝐵𝐸𝐹 is a rectangle. If 𝐵𝐸 = 4 cm and 𝐴𝐵 = 3 cm, find the area of parallelogram 𝐴𝐵𝐷𝐶.

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### Video Transcript

In the figure below, line 𝐴𝐵 is parallel to line 𝐶𝐸, line segment 𝐴𝐶 is parallel to line segment 𝐵𝐷, and 𝐴𝐵𝐸𝐹 is a rectangle. If 𝐵𝐸 equals four centimeters and 𝐴𝐵 equals three centimeters, find the area of parallelogram 𝐴𝐵𝐷𝐶.

From the information that we are given, we note that we have two pairs of parallel lines, which confirms that 𝐴𝐵𝐷𝐶 is indeed a parallelogram. We are further told that 𝐴𝐵𝐸𝐹 is a rectangle. Since a rectangle is simply a special case of parallelogram, it means we can also note that the line segments 𝐴𝐹 and 𝐵𝐸 are also parallel. We can use the information about 𝐴𝐵𝐸𝐹 to help us work out the area of the parallelogram 𝐴𝐵𝐷𝐶. We can use the information that 𝐵𝐸 is equal to four centimeters and 𝐴𝐵 is equal to three centimeters to help us work out the area of the rectangle 𝐴𝐵𝐸𝐹.

If you’re not sure why this is useful, let’s recall an important property about parallelograms created between two parallel lines. Parallelograms between a pair of parallel lines with congruent bases have the same area, so even though 𝐴𝐵𝐸𝐹 is a rectangle, that’s a special type of parallelogram, and the line segment 𝐴𝐵 is a common side to both 𝐴𝐵𝐸𝐹 and 𝐴𝐵𝐷𝐶. So if we work out the area of 𝐴𝐵𝐸𝐹, it’s going to be the same as the area of 𝐴𝐵𝐷𝐶.

And of course, to work out the area of a rectangle, we multiply the length by the width. Three times four is 12, and the area units will be square centimeters. The area of 𝐴𝐵𝐷𝐶 is going to be equal to this. So it’s also 12 square centimeters. We could also have worked out the area of 𝐴𝐵𝐷𝐶 directly. The area of a parallelogram is found by multiplying the base by the perpendicular height. The base of 𝐴𝐵𝐷𝐶 is three centimeters, and the perpendicular height is also the length of the line segment 𝐵𝐸, which is four centimeters. Either method would produce the result that the area of 𝐴𝐵𝐷𝐶 is 12 square centimeters.