Which of the following is a graph
of 𝑦 equals cos 𝑥 plus one?
So what we can see here is in fact
𝑦 equals cos 𝑥 plus one is gonna be a translation of 𝑦 equals cos 𝑥. And we know this is a translation
because it’s in the form 𝑓 of 𝑥 plus 𝑎, where this is a shift in the 𝑦-axis of
𝑎. So we now we’re gonna have 𝑎 units
shifted in the 𝑦-axis. But what’s it a translation of?
Well, what it is going to be is a
translation of 𝑦 equals cos 𝑥. And we know what it’s gonna be is a
shift in the 𝑦-axis of one unit. But what does this mean in
practice? Well, what it means is we actually
add one to each of our 𝑦-coordinates. Well, to help us work out which one
of our graphs is going to be this shift of one unit in the 𝑦-axis, what we’ve done
here is sketched 𝑦 equals cos 𝑥. And we’ve done it onto the graph
Well, actually if we shift it one
unit in the 𝑦-axis, so we add one to each of the 𝑦-coordinates, we can see that
it’d map itself onto the graph that is shown in (A). Because instead of the peaks being
at one, they would be at two. And instead of the troughs being at
negative one, they would be at zero. So therefore, we can say that the
graph (A) is the graph of 𝑦 equals cos 𝑥 plus one. Well, if we wanted to check the
other graphs, we can see that these are incorrect because (B) is in fact the graph
𝑦 equals cos 𝑥. We’ve got (C), which is a phase
shift; (D) is a period change; and (E) is a period change and a phase shift.