### Video Transcript

Counting Money: Pounds and
Pence

In this video, we’re going to learn
how to count pounds and pence separately to find the value of a group of coins and
notes.

Now, there are two ways that we
measure money in the UK. And these are in pounds. Each one of the notes and the coins
that we can see here have a value in pounds. Do you remember what they’re all
worth? If we start with the one with the
lowest value, that’s this coin here, isn’t it? The one-pound coin. Next comes the two-pound coin. And all the rest are notes. There’s the five-pound note. This note is worth 10 pounds. And then finally, we have the
20-pound and 50-pound notes. So everyone of these coins and the
notes have a value in pounds. And the symbol that we use when we
represent pounds, we can see we’ve used again and again, is this one here.

Now we did say there were two ways
that we measure money. One was pounds. Do you remember what the other one
is? It’s pence. And each of these six coins has a
value in pence, doesn’t it? We’ve got the one-penny coin,
two-pence coin. This coin’s worth five pence, 10
pence, 20 pence, and 50 pence. And there’s a symbol we use to
represent pence too. And that’s the letter p. Now in this particular video, we’re
gonna keep pounds and pence separate. But just like we can have a
distance that’s a number of meters and some more centimeters or the mass of
something that’s a number of kilograms and some more grams, we can also measure
amounts of money using two units of measurement too, a number of pounds and some
more pence.

And this is what we’re going to be
thinking about in this video. We’re going to be counting the
pounds separately and then the pence. That’s why it’s important to go
over these coins and notes to begin with.

Now, let’s imagine we have this
note and these coins. How much money have we got
altogether? To count it, we’re going to have to
separate out the pounds and the pence. Now, it’s useful that this picture
looks like this because if we put our hands in our pocket and pulled out some notes
and coins and put it down on the table top, it wouldn’t be all neatly separated out,
would it? Then it’d be all jumbled up.

So first of all, let’s find our
notes and coins that represent whole pounds. We’ve got our 10-pound note, and
then some of the coins represent pounds, don’t they? Can you see there are two one-pound
coins and then this two-pound coin here. So what we’ll do is we’ll start by
adding our pounds together. And we’re going to add them in
order of size starting with the largest: first the 10-pound note, then our two-pound
coin, and then the pair of pound coins. So let’s add our pounds
together. 10 pounds plus another two pounds
is 12 pounds. 12 and one more pounds is 13
pounds. And then, if we add our final pound
coin, we have 14 pounds. We’ve counted the whole pounds, and
we’ve found there’s 14 pounds.

Now it’s time to count all the
coins that are less than a pound. Then this example is going to make
a number of pence. Once again, let’s put them in order
from largest to smallest. Can you see which of these coins
has the largest value? It’s this one here, isn’t it? It has a value of 20 pence. Then we’ve got these two five-pence
coins and two two-pence coins. And once again, we can use a number
line to help us here. So we can start with 20 pence, then
count on in fives twice, 20, and then 25, 30, and then count in twos twice, 30 and
then 32, 34. So now that we’ve counted the rest
of the coins, we can see that there is 34 pence, which brings us back to our
question. How much money do we have?

Well, as we’ve said already, just
like we can give measurements by saying a number of meters and some more
centimeters, we’re going to give this amount as a number of whole pounds and then
some more pence. We can say that there is 14 pounds
and 34 pence.

Now, we don’t have to use number
lines to help us. We could work out the answer in our
heads. Let’s imagine that we want to find
out how much money we have here. And again, we’re gonna start with
the largest amount. This coin says 50 on it, and that’s
the largest number we can see. So shall we start with 50? And then we’ve got three 10s. So that’s 60, 70, 80. And then these two notes both say
five on them. So that’s 85, 90. Wait a moment; this isn’t how to
find the total amount of this note and these coins. We seem to be just adding all the
numbers together as if they were all the same unit of measurement, and they’re
not. Some are pounds, and some are
pence. And we need to separate them out
before we do any adding.

So let’s start again. And this time, we’re going to sort
out our pounds. We have two five-pound notes. And can you see the coins that are
worth pounds? We’ve got these two one-pound
coins. And then all the other coins are
worth a number of pence. Let’s put them in order from
largest to smallest. We’ve got a 50-pence coin, three
10-pence coins, and then finally one penny. Now let’s see if we can find a
better answer by counting the pounds and the pence separately.

First, the pounds. We have five, 10, 11, 12
pounds. And now the coins that have a value
of pence. Starting with 50, and we’re going
to count on our three 10s, 60, 70, 80. And then our one penny makes it 81
pence. So we can say there is 12
pounds. There is 81 pence. And so all together we can say
there is 12 pounds and 81 pence.

Let’s have a go at answering some
questions now where we have to put into practice everything we’ve learned. And remember, we’re going to need
to count our pounds and pence separately.

What number is missing? There is one pound and what
pence.

Now, often, if we want to count an
amount of money, there’s a little bit of sorting we need to do. Perhaps we have a group of coins in
our hand and they’re all jumbled up. But in this question, all the coins
are neatly in a straight line. And they’ve actually been sorted
out for us. We know this because we’re given a
sentence to describe the coins. And it says there is one pound and
what pence.

Now we know we can sort notes and
coins into those that represent pounds and those that represent pence. And if we look at the picture of
the line of coins, we can see that one pound that’s mentioned in our sentence
straightaway. It’s the first coin that’s
there. Then there’s a little gap, and then
there are some more coins. These must be the coins that
represent a number of pence. And this is going to give us our
missing number that we need to find. So to help us find the total of
this second group of coins, we’re going to need to remember what each coin is
worth.

To begin with, we’ve got two
20-pence coins. Then we’ve got three five-pence
coins, and then finally a two-pence coin on the end. We could use a number line to help
us add these coins together. 20, 40, 45, 50, 55, and then
57. The total of this second group of
coins is 57 pence. And it was quite easy to add them
together, wasn’t it, because they were already put in order for us. There is one pound and 57
pence. And the missing number is 57.

Pick the coins that make four
pounds and 27 pence.

In this question, we’re given two
groups of coins. And we’re told to pick the coins
that make a certain amount of money. Now, the amount we’re looking for
is made up of two parts. Can you see how the first part is
made up of this symbol and the number four? This is the symbol that we use to
represent pounds. And some of our coins are worth
pounds. Then we can also see that the
second part contains the number 27 and a letter, p. Do you remember what the letter p
stands for when we talk about money? It stands for an amount of
pence. So we’re looking for a group of
coins that contains both pounds and pence, four pounds and 27 pence.

And we can find out which group
this is by counting the pounds and the pence separately. Let’s start by looking at our first
group. Do you notice anything interesting
about the order that the coins have been put in? If you can remember what the value
of these coins are, you’ll know that they’ve been put in order from largest to
smallest. Out of all the coins in the group,
this coin here has the most value and these three coins on the end have the least
value. And you know it does help us when
we’re counting money to start with the largest and go all the way through to the
smallest amounts.

So to begin with in this first
group, let’s see how many pounds we have. Which coins have a value in
pounds? Well, if we look carefully at each
of the coins, we can see their value. It’s written on them. You might recognize what they’re
worth as well by their shape and their color. First coin has a value of two
pounds. And then looking carefully at our
next three coins, we can see they’re all the same and they all have a value of one
pound. Now we know that the only coins
that are a value of pounds are the two-pound and the one-pound coin. And there aren’t any more of these
in the group, so we know that we’ve found all the pounds that are there. Two plus three ones is the same as
two plus three, which is equal to five. We have five pounds.

Now we’re looking for a group of
coins that makes four pounds and something. So it looks like perhaps
straightaway we’ve found the correct answer. It must be the second group. Let’s count how many pounds we have
then in the second group. Once again, we can see a two-pound
coin to begin with. And this time, we only have two
one-pound coins. And we know that two plus two ones
is the same as two plus two, or four. Our second group has four
pounds.

Now, hopefully, the rest of the
coins add up to 27 pence. But before we add them, have
another look at the first group. What do you notice about the coins
that we have left? There are two 10-pence coins, two
two-pence coins, and three one-penny coins. And this is exactly the same as
what we have in our second group: two 10-pence coins, two two-pence coins, and three
one-penny coins. We know that 10 plus 10 equals 20,
two twos have a value of four, and three ones are worth three. And we know that if we add 20,
four, and three together, we get 27. And so both groups have a different
number of pounds, but they have the same amount of pence.

We found the correct answer by
counting the number of pounds and then the number of pence. The correct group is the one that
contains four pounds, made up of a two-pound coin and two one-pound coins, and then
27 pence.

Daniel is trying to count the money
he has. I have 10 pounds and 52 pence. Is Daniel correct?

In the picture, we can see the
group of coins that Daniel’s got. And did you notice the way that
Daniel describes his coins is by using two units of measurement? This symbol represents the number
of pounds that there are. And Daniel says that he has 10
pounds. And we can also see the letter p,
which stands for pence. So Daniel has 10 pounds and 52
pence, or does he? Because we’re asked, is he
correct?

The only way to find out the answer
is for us to count the coins for ourselves. Let’s start by adding up the number
of pounds that he has. Which coins can we find that have a
value in pounds? Well, it’s quite small on this
video, but if we look really closely we can see the words “two pounds” on this
particular coin. We know that it’s a two-pound coin
because it’s circular. And the color of the coin is silver
in the middle with a sort of gold color around the outside.

And there’s another type of coin
that has these colors. But this one’s a bit smaller. And it’s not a circle. It has sort of rounded edges to
it. And this is a one-pound coin. And again, if we look really
closely, we can see the words “one pound” on this coin. So in Daniel’s pile of coins, we
can see some are worth two pounds and some are worth one pound.

Let’s begin by counting the pounds
then. To begin with, there are four
two-pound coins. So these have a value of two, four,
six, eight pounds. And then we need to add our three
one-pound coins. So if we start from eight, that’s
nine, 10, 11. The number of pounds that Daniel
has is 11 pounds. And we can see that he tells us he
thinks that he has 10 pounds and 52 pence. So it looks like Daniel’s wrong,
doesn’t it? Let’s count the number of pence
just to finish off.

The remaining coins are a 50-pence
coin and then these two coins here, which we know are worth two pence each. So if you start with the coin with
the largest value, that’s 50, and then add two twos, that takes us to 52 and then
54. The number of pence that Daniel has
is 54 pence. Instead of 10 pounds and 52 pence,
Daniel has 11 pounds and 54 pence. We counted the pounds and the pence
separately to find our answer. Is Daniel correct? No, he’s not.

Michael and Chloe each have some
money. Who has most money?

In the picture, we can see two
groups of coins and notes. One clearly belongs to Michael and
the other to Chloe. And we’re asked who has most
money. Now, if we just looked quickly at
these amounts, we might see that Michael has eight coins and Chloe has a note and
three coins. So it might look like Michael’s got
more money. He’s certainly got more coins, but
when it comes to money, just because we have more notes or more coins doesn’t mean
we have more money. We need to look at the value of the
coins and the notes that we have.

So let’s start by counting how much
Michael has. And we’re going to do this in
pounds and pence. So we’re going to begin by counting
all the coins that have a value in pounds. Can you see them? There aren’t any two-pound coins,
but Michael does have several one-pound coins. One, two, three, four, five
one-pound coins. These have a value of five
pounds. And we can also see that some of
Michael’s coins have a value in pence too. He has two 20-pence coins and a
one-penny coin. Two 20s are 40. And if we add the one too, we get a
total of 41. So all of Michael’s coins have an
overall total of 5 pounds and 41 pence.

Now let’s find out how much money
Chloe has. And once again, we’re going to
start by adding the pounds. We can see that the only coin or
note that Chloe has that has a value of pounds is the five-pound note she has. Everything else is worth pence. So she has five pounds, just like
Michael. And then she’s got a 50-pence coin,
a 20-pence coin, and a two-pence coin. If we start with the larger amount,
50 plus 20 is 70. And then if we add the two pence,
we have a total of 72 pence.

We found out the total of Michael
and Chloe’s money by first adding the pounds and then the pence. We found that both children have
five pounds. But if we compare the amount of
pence that they have, we can see that Chloe has more money. 72 is larger than 41. The person with the most money is
Chloe.

So what have we learned in this
video? We’ve learned how to find the value
of a group of notes and coins by counting pounds and pence separately.