Lesson Video: Counting Money: Pounds and Pence Mathematics

In this video, we will learn how to count pounds and pence separately within 100 to find the value of a group of coins and notes.


Video Transcript

Counting Money: Pounds and Pence

In this video, we’re going to learn how to count pounds and pence separately to find the value of a group of coins and notes.

Now, there are two ways that we measure money in the UK. And these are in pounds. Each one of the notes and the coins that we can see here have a value in pounds. Do you remember what they’re all worth? If we start with the one with the lowest value, that’s this coin here, isn’t it? The one-pound coin. Next comes the two-pound coin. And all the rest are notes. There’s the five-pound note. This note is worth 10 pounds. And then finally, we have the 20-pound and 50-pound notes. So everyone of these coins and the notes have a value in pounds. And the symbol that we use when we represent pounds, we can see we’ve used again and again, is this one here.

Now we did say there were two ways that we measure money. One was pounds. Do you remember what the other one is? It’s pence. And each of these six coins has a value in pence, doesn’t it? We’ve got the one-penny coin, two-pence coin. This coin’s worth five pence, 10 pence, 20 pence, and 50 pence. And there’s a symbol we use to represent pence too. And that’s the letter p. Now in this particular video, we’re gonna keep pounds and pence separate. But just like we can have a distance that’s a number of meters and some more centimeters or the mass of something that’s a number of kilograms and some more grams, we can also measure amounts of money using two units of measurement too, a number of pounds and some more pence.

And this is what we’re going to be thinking about in this video. We’re going to be counting the pounds separately and then the pence. That’s why it’s important to go over these coins and notes to begin with.

Now, let’s imagine we have this note and these coins. How much money have we got altogether? To count it, we’re going to have to separate out the pounds and the pence. Now, it’s useful that this picture looks like this because if we put our hands in our pocket and pulled out some notes and coins and put it down on the table top, it wouldn’t be all neatly separated out, would it? Then it’d be all jumbled up.

So first of all, let’s find our notes and coins that represent whole pounds. We’ve got our 10-pound note, and then some of the coins represent pounds, don’t they? Can you see there are two one-pound coins and then this two-pound coin here. So what we’ll do is we’ll start by adding our pounds together. And we’re going to add them in order of size starting with the largest: first the 10-pound note, then our two-pound coin, and then the pair of pound coins. So let’s add our pounds together. 10 pounds plus another two pounds is 12 pounds. 12 and one more pounds is 13 pounds. And then, if we add our final pound coin, we have 14 pounds. We’ve counted the whole pounds, and we’ve found there’s 14 pounds.

Now it’s time to count all the coins that are less than a pound. Then this example is going to make a number of pence. Once again, let’s put them in order from largest to smallest. Can you see which of these coins has the largest value? It’s this one here, isn’t it? It has a value of 20 pence. Then we’ve got these two five-pence coins and two two-pence coins. And once again, we can use a number line to help us here. So we can start with 20 pence, then count on in fives twice, 20, and then 25, 30, and then count in twos twice, 30 and then 32, 34. So now that we’ve counted the rest of the coins, we can see that there is 34 pence, which brings us back to our question. How much money do we have?

Well, as we’ve said already, just like we can give measurements by saying a number of meters and some more centimeters, we’re going to give this amount as a number of whole pounds and then some more pence. We can say that there is 14 pounds and 34 pence.

Now, we don’t have to use number lines to help us. We could work out the answer in our heads. Let’s imagine that we want to find out how much money we have here. And again, we’re gonna start with the largest amount. This coin says 50 on it, and that’s the largest number we can see. So shall we start with 50? And then we’ve got three 10s. So that’s 60, 70, 80. And then these two notes both say five on them. So that’s 85, 90. Wait a moment; this isn’t how to find the total amount of this note and these coins. We seem to be just adding all the numbers together as if they were all the same unit of measurement, and they’re not. Some are pounds, and some are pence. And we need to separate them out before we do any adding.

So let’s start again. And this time, we’re going to sort out our pounds. We have two five-pound notes. And can you see the coins that are worth pounds? We’ve got these two one-pound coins. And then all the other coins are worth a number of pence. Let’s put them in order from largest to smallest. We’ve got a 50-pence coin, three 10-pence coins, and then finally one penny. Now let’s see if we can find a better answer by counting the pounds and the pence separately.

First, the pounds. We have five, 10, 11, 12 pounds. And now the coins that have a value of pence. Starting with 50, and we’re going to count on our three 10s, 60, 70, 80. And then our one penny makes it 81 pence. So we can say there is 12 pounds. There is 81 pence. And so all together we can say there is 12 pounds and 81 pence.

Let’s have a go at answering some questions now where we have to put into practice everything we’ve learned. And remember, we’re going to need to count our pounds and pence separately.

What number is missing? There is one pound and what pence.

Now, often, if we want to count an amount of money, there’s a little bit of sorting we need to do. Perhaps we have a group of coins in our hand and they’re all jumbled up. But in this question, all the coins are neatly in a straight line. And they’ve actually been sorted out for us. We know this because we’re given a sentence to describe the coins. And it says there is one pound and what pence.

Now we know we can sort notes and coins into those that represent pounds and those that represent pence. And if we look at the picture of the line of coins, we can see that one pound that’s mentioned in our sentence straightaway. It’s the first coin that’s there. Then there’s a little gap, and then there are some more coins. These must be the coins that represent a number of pence. And this is going to give us our missing number that we need to find. So to help us find the total of this second group of coins, we’re going to need to remember what each coin is worth.

To begin with, we’ve got two 20-pence coins. Then we’ve got three five-pence coins, and then finally a two-pence coin on the end. We could use a number line to help us add these coins together. 20, 40, 45, 50, 55, and then 57. The total of this second group of coins is 57 pence. And it was quite easy to add them together, wasn’t it, because they were already put in order for us. There is one pound and 57 pence. And the missing number is 57.

Pick the coins that make four pounds and 27 pence.

In this question, we’re given two groups of coins. And we’re told to pick the coins that make a certain amount of money. Now, the amount we’re looking for is made up of two parts. Can you see how the first part is made up of this symbol and the number four? This is the symbol that we use to represent pounds. And some of our coins are worth pounds. Then we can also see that the second part contains the number 27 and a letter, p. Do you remember what the letter p stands for when we talk about money? It stands for an amount of pence. So we’re looking for a group of coins that contains both pounds and pence, four pounds and 27 pence.

And we can find out which group this is by counting the pounds and the pence separately. Let’s start by looking at our first group. Do you notice anything interesting about the order that the coins have been put in? If you can remember what the value of these coins are, you’ll know that they’ve been put in order from largest to smallest. Out of all the coins in the group, this coin here has the most value and these three coins on the end have the least value. And you know it does help us when we’re counting money to start with the largest and go all the way through to the smallest amounts.

So to begin with in this first group, let’s see how many pounds we have. Which coins have a value in pounds? Well, if we look carefully at each of the coins, we can see their value. It’s written on them. You might recognize what they’re worth as well by their shape and their color. First coin has a value of two pounds. And then looking carefully at our next three coins, we can see they’re all the same and they all have a value of one pound. Now we know that the only coins that are a value of pounds are the two-pound and the one-pound coin. And there aren’t any more of these in the group, so we know that we’ve found all the pounds that are there. Two plus three ones is the same as two plus three, which is equal to five. We have five pounds.

Now we’re looking for a group of coins that makes four pounds and something. So it looks like perhaps straightaway we’ve found the correct answer. It must be the second group. Let’s count how many pounds we have then in the second group. Once again, we can see a two-pound coin to begin with. And this time, we only have two one-pound coins. And we know that two plus two ones is the same as two plus two, or four. Our second group has four pounds.

Now, hopefully, the rest of the coins add up to 27 pence. But before we add them, have another look at the first group. What do you notice about the coins that we have left? There are two 10-pence coins, two two-pence coins, and three one-penny coins. And this is exactly the same as what we have in our second group: two 10-pence coins, two two-pence coins, and three one-penny coins. We know that 10 plus 10 equals 20, two twos have a value of four, and three ones are worth three. And we know that if we add 20, four, and three together, we get 27. And so both groups have a different number of pounds, but they have the same amount of pence.

We found the correct answer by counting the number of pounds and then the number of pence. The correct group is the one that contains four pounds, made up of a two-pound coin and two one-pound coins, and then 27 pence.

Daniel is trying to count the money he has. I have 10 pounds and 52 pence. Is Daniel correct?

In the picture, we can see the group of coins that Daniel’s got. And did you notice the way that Daniel describes his coins is by using two units of measurement? This symbol represents the number of pounds that there are. And Daniel says that he has 10 pounds. And we can also see the letter p, which stands for pence. So Daniel has 10 pounds and 52 pence, or does he? Because we’re asked, is he correct?

The only way to find out the answer is for us to count the coins for ourselves. Let’s start by adding up the number of pounds that he has. Which coins can we find that have a value in pounds? Well, it’s quite small on this video, but if we look really closely we can see the words “two pounds” on this particular coin. We know that it’s a two-pound coin because it’s circular. And the color of the coin is silver in the middle with a sort of gold color around the outside.

And there’s another type of coin that has these colors. But this one’s a bit smaller. And it’s not a circle. It has sort of rounded edges to it. And this is a one-pound coin. And again, if we look really closely, we can see the words “one pound” on this coin. So in Daniel’s pile of coins, we can see some are worth two pounds and some are worth one pound.

Let’s begin by counting the pounds then. To begin with, there are four two-pound coins. So these have a value of two, four, six, eight pounds. And then we need to add our three one-pound coins. So if we start from eight, that’s nine, 10, 11. The number of pounds that Daniel has is 11 pounds. And we can see that he tells us he thinks that he has 10 pounds and 52 pence. So it looks like Daniel’s wrong, doesn’t it? Let’s count the number of pence just to finish off.

The remaining coins are a 50-pence coin and then these two coins here, which we know are worth two pence each. So if you start with the coin with the largest value, that’s 50, and then add two twos, that takes us to 52 and then 54. The number of pence that Daniel has is 54 pence. Instead of 10 pounds and 52 pence, Daniel has 11 pounds and 54 pence. We counted the pounds and the pence separately to find our answer. Is Daniel correct? No, he’s not.

Michael and Chloe each have some money. Who has most money?

In the picture, we can see two groups of coins and notes. One clearly belongs to Michael and the other to Chloe. And we’re asked who has most money. Now, if we just looked quickly at these amounts, we might see that Michael has eight coins and Chloe has a note and three coins. So it might look like Michael’s got more money. He’s certainly got more coins, but when it comes to money, just because we have more notes or more coins doesn’t mean we have more money. We need to look at the value of the coins and the notes that we have.

So let’s start by counting how much Michael has. And we’re going to do this in pounds and pence. So we’re going to begin by counting all the coins that have a value in pounds. Can you see them? There aren’t any two-pound coins, but Michael does have several one-pound coins. One, two, three, four, five one-pound coins. These have a value of five pounds. And we can also see that some of Michael’s coins have a value in pence too. He has two 20-pence coins and a one-penny coin. Two 20s are 40. And if we add the one too, we get a total of 41. So all of Michael’s coins have an overall total of 5 pounds and 41 pence.

Now let’s find out how much money Chloe has. And once again, we’re going to start by adding the pounds. We can see that the only coin or note that Chloe has that has a value of pounds is the five-pound note she has. Everything else is worth pence. So she has five pounds, just like Michael. And then she’s got a 50-pence coin, a 20-pence coin, and a two-pence coin. If we start with the larger amount, 50 plus 20 is 70. And then if we add the two pence, we have a total of 72 pence.

We found out the total of Michael and Chloe’s money by first adding the pounds and then the pence. We found that both children have five pounds. But if we compare the amount of pence that they have, we can see that Chloe has more money. 72 is larger than 41. The person with the most money is Chloe.

So what have we learned in this video? We’ve learned how to find the value of a group of notes and coins by counting pounds and pence separately.

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