Miss Smith needs 30 apples for her class. There are five apples in each bag. How many bags of apples does Miss Smith need altogether?
We’re told that Miss Smith needs 30 apples for her class. And she must be buying them in bags because we’re also told that there are five apples in a bag. So Miss Smith can’t buy 30 separate apples. She has to buy several bags. The apples need to be bought in groups of five. And the question asks us, “How many bags of apples does Miss Smith need?” In other words, how many lots of five make 30 or what times five equals 30?
Let’s count in fives to see how many groups of five make 30. We’ll start with zero, five, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 apples. How many lots of five did we count? One times five is five. Two groups of five make 10. There are three groups of five in 15. And four multiplied by five equals 20. Five lots of five equals 25. And so we know six times five equals 30. There are six groups of five in 30. And if Miss Smith needs 30 apples and there are five apples in each bag, she’s going to need to buy a total of six bags of apples.