### Video Transcript

If π sub one is equal to six times cos of 225 degrees plus π sin of 225 degrees, π
sub two is equal to cos of 90 degrees plus π sin of 90 degrees, and π sub three is
equal to cos of 270 degrees plus π sin of 270 degrees, what is the exponential form
of π sub one times π sub two times π sub three squared?

In this question, weβve been given three complex numbers represented in polar or
trigonometric form. Weβre being asked to find the product of these numbers, thatβs π sub one times π
sub two times π sub three. And then weβre going to raise that to a power of two. And in fact, weβre going to give our answer in exponential form.

In fact, converting between polar and exponential form is fairly straightforward. For a complex number of the form π equals π cos π plus π sin π, its equivalent
exponential form is ππ to the ππ. Here, π is known as the modulus, whilst π is the argument. And when we work in exponential form, we ensure that our argument is actually in
terms of radians.

There are two ways that we can find the products of these complex numbers and then
square that value. We could first multiply each of the numbers together in polar form, find their
square, and then convert it. Or we could begin by converting it into exponential form and then finding the product
and squaring it. Weβre going to use the first method; weβre going to find the product of our numbers
in polar form.

We recall that multiplying complex numbers in polar form is really
straightforward. We simply multiply their moduli and add their arguments. So if π sub one, π sub two, and π sub three are the moduli of our complex numbers,
then we need to find the product of these. We see that the modulus of π sub one is six. The modulus of π sub two is in fact one. And similarly, the modulus of π sub three is also one. This means that our new modulus of π sub one times π sub two times π sub three is
just going to be equal to six.

Then the argument of the product of our complex numbers will be the sum of their
respective arguments. Their arguments are 225 degrees, 90 degrees, and 270 degrees. And so we find the sum of these, giving us a value of 585 degrees.

Now, in fact, we are going to eventually convert this into exponential form. So at this stage, it makes sense to convert this into radian measure. We might recall that π radians is equal to 180 degrees. Or equivalently, by dividing both sides of this equation by 180, we find that one
degree is equal to π over 180 radians. And so our argument is the product of 585 and π over 180 radians. Thatβs 13π by four radians.

And so weβre now able to write the complex number π sub one π sub two π sub three
as six times cos of 13π by four plus π sin of 13π by four.

Now remember weβre not quite finished. Weβre looking to square this value. To do this, weβre going to use de Moivreβs theorem. And this says that if π is equal to π times cos π plus π sin π, then π raised
to the πth power is π to the πth power times cos of ππ plus π sin of ππ. And thatβs for integer values of π. We see then that we need to square the modulus of our complex number and double the
argument as shown. This gives us a modulus of six squared, which is 36, and an argument of two times
13π over four, which is 13π by two.

Now at this stage, weβre almost ready to convert this into exponential form. However, before we do, weβre going to choose to write this in terms of the principal
argument. In other words, weβre going to add or subtract multiples of two π from our argument
so that itβs in the range π is greater than negative π and less than or equal to
π. In fact, if we subtract six lots of two π, we end up with an argument of π by two,
which is in the range of the principal argument.

And so our new complex number is 36 times cos π by two plus π sin π by two. And all thatβs left is to convert this now into exponential form. To do so, we go back to the very first definitions we provided. We see that π, the modulus of our new complex number, is 36. The argument is π by two. And so we can put that back into the exponential form of a complex number.

Given the information about π sub one, π sub two, and π sub three then, the
exponential form of the product of these complex numbers all squared is 36 times π
to the π by two π.