Video: Comparing Two Like Terms to Find the Values of Unknowns

If 45π‘₯^(π‘š) 𝑦^(π‘š + 𝑛) and 35π‘₯^(29) 𝑦^(Β³Β²) are like terms, what are the values of π‘š and 𝑛?

01:42

Video Transcript

If 45π‘₯ to the power π‘š 𝑦 to the power π‘š plus 𝑛 and 35π‘₯ to the power 29 𝑦 to the power 32 are like terms, what are the values of π‘š and 𝑛?

In this question, we’re considering like terms. If we have two terms that are described as like terms, this means that the exponents of the variables must be equal to each other. The coefficients of the numbers that we multiply by can be different. So in this case, we can effectively ignore our coefficients 45 and 35 and focus simply on our variables π‘₯ and 𝑦. So let’s begin by considering our variable π‘₯.

If we’re told that they’re like terms, this means that π‘₯ to the power of π‘š must be equal to π‘₯ to the power of 29. So since the exponents must be equal, we can then say that π‘š equals 29. I’m moving on for our 𝑦 variable. If they’re like terms, then 𝑦 to the power of π‘š plus 𝑛 must be equal to 𝑦 to the power of 32. And we can put those exponents equal, which means that π‘š plus 𝑛 must be equal to 32.

And as we’ve already found the value π‘š equals 29, we can substitute that into our equation. And in order to find 𝑛 by itself, we subtract 29 from both sides of the equation, giving us 𝑛 equals 32 minus 29. So 𝑛 equals three.

And so, our final answer is π‘š equals 29 and 𝑛 equals three.

Nagwa uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more about our Privacy Policy.