### Video Transcript

π΄π΅πΆ is an isosceles triangle
where π΄π΅ is equal to π΄πΆ which is equal to 10 centimeters and the angle πΆ is
equal to 52 degrees 20 minutes and 21 seconds. Find the length of π΅πΆ giving the
answer to one decimal place.

In any question like this, it is
always worth trying to draw a diagram first. We were told in the question that
triangle π΄π΅πΆ is isosceles. This means that two of the sides
have equal length. The length of π΄π΅ and π΄πΆ are
both equal to 10 centimeters. We were also told that angle πΆ was
equal to 52 degrees 20 minutes and 21 seconds.

Our first step is to convert this
angle into just degrees. One degree is equal to 60
minutes. This means that we can change 20
minutes into degrees by dividing 20 by 60. 20 minutes is equal to 0.333 and so
on degrees, or 0.3 recurring degrees. One degree is also equal to 3600
seconds, as there are 60 seconds in a minute. 60 multiplied by 60 is equal to
3600. We can, therefore, convert 21
seconds into degrees by dividing 21 by 3600. This is equal to 0.00583 and so on
degrees.

We can now add these two values
together to calculate 20 minutes and 21 seconds in degrees. This is equal to 0.33916 and so on
degrees. We can, therefore, say that angle
πΆ is equal to 52.34 degrees to two decimal places. Whilst weβve rounded our answer
here, it is important for accuracy to use the full answer on our calculator display
in any further calculations.

Our next step is to create two
identical right-angle triangles by drawing a vertical line from π΄ to the line
π΅πΆ. We will call the point where this
line meets π΅πΆ, π·. We were asked to calculate the
length of π΅πΆ. Well, the length of π΅πΆ will be
double the length of π·πΆ, which we have labelled π₯.

We can use right angle
trigonometry, or SOHCAHTOA, to calculate the length π₯. The length π΄πΆ is the hypotenuse
of the right-angled triangle, as it is the longest side. The length π΄π· is the opposite, as
it is opposite the 52.34-degree angle. Finally, the length πΆπ·, labelled
π₯, is the adjacent, as it is adjacent, or next to, the right angle and the
52.34-degree angle. We know the length of the
hypotenuse. And we want to calculate the length
of the adjacent. Therefore, we will use the cosine
ratio.

This states that cos of π is equal
to the adjacent divided by the hypotenuse. Substituting in our values gives us
cos of 52.34 is equal to π₯ divided by 10. Multiplying both sides of this
equation by 10 gives us π₯ is equal to 10 multiplied by cos of 52.34. Typing this into the calculator
gives us a value of π₯ of 6.109 and so on. We can, therefore, say that π·πΆ is
equal to 6.109 and so on centimeters.

As previously mentioned, π΅πΆ is
double the length of π·πΆ. Multiplying 6.109 and so on by two
gives us 12.219 and so on. We were asked to give our answer to
one decimal place. This means our answer needs to have
one number after the decimal point. The deciding number is the one in
the hundredths column. As this is less than five, we will
round down. We can, therefore, say that the
length π΅πΆ in the isosceles triangle π΄π΅πΆ is 12.2 centimeters.