### Video Transcript

Determine the derivative of the
function π of π‘ equals the square root of negative sin π‘ plus seven over negative
cos π‘ plus seven.

Now, we can see straightaway in
this question that we have a quotient. So, weβre going to need to apply
the quotient rule at some point. But are we going to need to do
anything else? Well, we donβt just have this
quotient. We have the square root of this
quotient, which means we have a composite function. And so, weβre also going to need to
apply the chain rule. Weβll begin by allowing π’ to be
that quotient underneath the square root. π’ is equal to negative sin π‘ plus
seven over negative cos π‘ plus seven. Then, π becomes a function of
π’. Itβs equal to the square root of
π’, which we can express using index notation as π’ to the power of one-half.

The chain rule, using the letters
π , π‘, and π’ as we have in this question, tells us that the derivative of π with
the respect to π‘ is equal to dπ by dπ’ multiplied by dπ’ by dπ‘. Applying the power rule, we see
that dπ by dπ’ is equal to one-half π’ to the power of negative a half. But in order to find dπ’ by dπ‘,
weβre going to need to apply the quotient rule.

Weβll define π to be the function
in the numerator, thatβs negative sin π‘ plus seven, and π to be the function in
the denominator, negative cos π‘ plus seven. In order to find the derivatives of
these two functions, we need to recall how we differentiate sin and cos. There is a helpful little cycle
that we can remember. The derivative of sin π‘ is cos
π‘. The derivative of cos π‘ is
negative sin π‘. The derivative of negative sin π‘
is negative cos π‘. And the derivative of negative cos
π‘ is sin π‘. And then we go around the cycle
again.

Remembering that the derivative of
a constant is just zero, we have that π prime is equal to negative cos π‘ and π
prime is equal to sin π‘. Now, we can substitute into the
quotient rule to find dπ’ by dπ‘. Itβs π, thatβs negative cos π‘
plus seven, multiplied by π prime, negative cos π‘, minus π, thatβs negative sin
π‘ plus seven, multiplied by π prime, thatβs sin π‘, all over π squared. Now, we need to do some
simplification. So, weβll expand the parentheses in
the numerator, which gives cos squared π‘ minus seven cos π‘ plus sin squared π‘
minus seven sin π‘ over negative cos π‘ plus seven squared.

We can recall, at this point, one
of our trigonometric identities, cos squared π‘ plus sin squared π‘ is equal to
one. So, this simplifies to one minus
seven cos π‘ minus seven sin π‘ over negative cos π‘ plus seven squared. Now that we found both dπ’ by dπ‘
and dπ by dπ’, we can substitute into the chain rule. We have then that dπ by dπ‘ is
equal to dπ by dπ’, thatβs a half π’ to the power of negative a half, multiplied by
dπ’ by dπ‘, thatβs one minus seven cos π‘ minus seven sin π‘ over negative cos π‘
plus seven squared.

Remember, though, that dπ by dπ‘
must be in terms of π‘ only. So, we need to reverse our
substitution. We have negative sin π‘ plus seven
over negative cos π‘ plus seven to the power of negative a half multiplied by one
minus seven cos π‘ minus seven sin π‘ over two multiplied by negative cos π‘ plus
seven squared. That power of negative a half means
a reciprocal, so we can deal with that by inverting the fraction. And the first part becomes negative
cos π‘ plus seven over negative sin π‘ plus seven to the power of positive
one-half.

We can then simplify the
powers. We have negative cos π‘ plus seven
to the power of a half in the numerator and then negative cos π‘ plus seven to the
power of two in the denominator. Which will lead to a power of
negative three over two overall. Thatβs a power of three over two in
the denominator. This leads us to one minus seven
cos π‘ minus seven sin π‘ in the numerator. And in the denominator two times
the square root of negative sin π‘ plus seven. Thatβs negative sin π‘ plus seven
to the power of a half multiplied by negative cos π‘ plus seven to the power of
three over two.

In this question then, weβve seen
that we can apply both the quotient and chain rule to a problem involving the
derivatives of trigonometric functions.