### Video Transcript

Comparing Two-Digit Numbers: Place
Value

In this video, we will learn how to
compare numbers up to 100 by comparing the number of tens and ones. Two-digit numbers have a tens digit
and a ones digit. This number has one 10. We’ve grouped the 10 ones together
into a tower. This is called a 10. And our number has six ones. 10 and six make 16. The tens digit in the number 16 is
the one. The one is worth one 10. And the six digit in the number 16
is worth six ones. One 10 and six ones makes the
number 16. Let’s try some practice
questions. By looking closely at the tens and
ones digits, we can compare the value of two or more numbers.

Mason has written 31 and 39 in a
place value table. Does 39 have more, less, or the
same number of 10s as 31? Does 39 have more or less ones than
31? Pick the smaller number. 31 or 39?

In this question, Mason is
comparing two numbers. They are the numbers 31 and 39. They’re both two-digit numbers. In the first part of the question,
we need to compare the amount of tens in both numbers. And in the second part of the
question, we need to compare the amount of ones in both numbers. Let’s start by looking at the tens
digit. This is in the column called
tens. We can see that the number 31 has
three 10s and the number 39 also has three 10s. So we can say that 39 has the same
number of 10s as 31.

Now, we need to compare the amount
of ones in each number. We can see that the number 31 has
one in the ones place and the nine in 39 is worth nine ones. Nine is more than one. So we can say that 39 has more ones
than 31. So which is the smaller number, 31
or 39? It’s number 31. Both numbers have three 10s. But number 31 only has a one in the
ones place. 39 has nine ones. And we know that nine is more than
one. So number 39 has the same number of
10s as 31, and 39 has more ones than number 31. The smaller number is number
31.

Which is greater, 97 or 77?

In this question, we’re being asked
to compare two two-digit numbers. We can use place value tables to
help us compare these two numbers. The number 97 has nine 10s and
seven ones. And the number 77 has seven 10s and
seven ones. Let’s start by comparing the ones
digit. Both numbers have seven ones. 97 and 77 both have seven ones. Let’s compare the tens digit. Let’s compare the tens digits
now. 97 has nine 10s. 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80,
90. Nine 10s makes 90. And the number 77 has seven
10s. 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70. Which of our two-digit numbers has
the most 10s? The number 97. It has nine 10s. And 77 only has seven 10s. So number 97 is greater than
77.

Hannah made three numbers with
place value cards. 20 plus eight is 28, 50 plus two is
52, and 50 plus seven is 57. Pick the correct number
sentences. Remember, to compare 28 and 52, we
compare the tens digit. Is 28 equal to 52, less than 52, or
greater than 52? 57 and 52 have the same tens
digit. Compare the ones digit to find the
correct number sentence. 57 is less than 52, equal to 52, or
greater than 52. Which is the greatest number that
she made?

This is a three-part question. In the first part of the question,
we need to compare the numbers 28 and 52. We’re told how to do this. By comparing the tens digits. And if we look closely at the place
value cards, we can see that 28 has two 10s and 52 has five 10s. We know that five is more than two,
so 52 must be greater than 28 because 50, or five 10s, is greater than 20 which is
two 10s. So 28 is less than 52.

In the second part of the question,
we have to compare the numbers 57 and 52. And we’re told to do this by
comparing the ones digit. This is because 57 and 52 both have
the same number of 10s. They both have five 10s. Let’s compare the ones. 52 has two ones. 57 has seven ones. And we know that seven is greater
than two, so we can say that 57 is greater than 52. So which is the greatest number
that Hannah made? It’s the number 57. 57 has five 10s and seven ones; 28
only has two 10s. And although 52 has five 10s, it
only has two ones. 57 has the most 10s and ones.

What have we learned in this
video? We’ve learned how to compare
two-digit numbers by comparing the number of 10s and ones.