### Video Transcript

A circuit containing a resistor, a
capacitor, and an inductor is used as a receiver for electromagnetic waves with a
resonant frequency of 121 kilohertz. The resistance of the resistor is
116 kiloohms. The circuit has a π factor of
1.50. What is the capacitance of the
capacitor in the circuit? The formula used to calculate the
π factor is π equals one over π
multiplied by the square root of πΏ over πΆ. Give your answer in scientific
notation to two decimal places.

In this question, we are given an
RLC circuit, and we have to determine the capacitance using the π factor, which we
are told is equal to 1.50. Letβs say that this is the circuit
weβre working with. It has a resistor, an inductor, and
a capacitor. And since this is an alternating
current circuit, it has a variable voltage supply. We are given the resonant frequency
π of the circuit and the resistance of the resistor π
. But we do not know the inductance
πΏ of the circuit.

To determine the inductance, we
will recall an equation that can relate πΏ to our other variables. The resonant frequency π of a
circuit is given by the equation two ππ equals the square root of one over πΏπΆ,
where πΏ is the inductance of the circuit and πΆ is the capacitance of the
circuit.

We now need to make πΏ the
subject. We can do this by squaring both
sides, which gives two ππ squared equals one over πΏπΆ. We can then take the reciprocal of
both sides to give us one over two ππ squared equals πΏπΆ. And finally, we can divide both
sides by πΆ to leave us with πΏ equals one over two ππ squared πΆ. Then, we substitute this equation
for πΏ into the equation for the π factor to get π equals one over π
multiplied
by the square root of one over two ππ squared πΆ squared. The square root will cancel the
squares in the bottom terms to give π equals one over two πππΆπ
.

We want to calculate the
capacitance of the capacitor in the circuit. So we need to rearrange this
equation to make πΆ the subject. We can do this by multiplying both
sides of the equation by πΆ and dividing both sides by π to give us πΆ equals one
over two πππ
π.

Before we substitute in the given
variables, we need to be careful of the unit prefixes. The resonant frequency is given as
121 kilohertz, which is equal to 121 times 10 to the power three hertz. The resistance π
is given as 116
kiloohms, which is equal to 116 times 10 to the power three ohms. And the π factor is given as 1.50
and is a dimensionless number.

Now then, if we substitute in our
given variables into this equation, we find that πΆ is equal to one over two π
multiplied by 121 times 10 to the power three hertz multiplied by 116 times 10 to
the power three ohms multiplied by 1.50. Completing this calculation, we
find that the capacitance πΆ in scientific notation to two decimal places is equal
to 7.56 times 10 to the power negative 12 farads. And this is our answer.

The capacitance of the capacitor in
the circuit is equal to 7.56 times 10 to the power negative 12 farads.