### Video Transcript

Consider the graph of the function
π¦ equals one over π₯. This question has three different
parts. Letβs start with the first
part. By looking at the graph and
substituting a few successively larger values of π₯ into the function, what is the
end behavior of the graph as π₯ increases along the positive π₯-axis? (a) The value of π¦ approaches β as
π₯ increases. (b) The value of π¦ approaches
negative β as π₯ increases. (c) The value of π¦ approaches zero
as π₯ increases.

This part is specifically asking us
to look at the positive π₯-axis. That would be this space. We need to know what is happening
to the π¦-values as we move from left to right along the positive π₯-axis. We noticed that the π¦-values are
decreasing. And so, we could say that the
π¦-values are not approaching β. And that means we need to answer
the question, are these values approaching negative β or zero?

To answer this, we can substitute
some larger values in for π₯. We know that π¦ equals one over
π₯. If we plug in 10 for the value of
π₯, then π¦ will equal one-tenth. If we write that as a decimal, that
is 0.1. If we plug in 100 for the value of
π₯, π¦ equals one over 100. If we write that as a decimal, it
is 0.01. It looks like these values are
getting closer and closer to zero. And this makes sense because π₯
must be a positive value since weβre only considering the positive values of π₯. And if π₯ is positive, then one
over π₯ could not be negative. As π₯ increases, the fraction one
out of π₯ gets closer and closer to zero, which means option (c) is correct. The value of π¦ approaches zero as
π₯ increases.

Part two says, similarly, what is
the end behavior of the graph as π₯ decreases? (a) The value of π¦ approaches
zero. (b) The value of π¦ approaches
β. Or (c) the value of π¦ approaches
negative β.

This time weβll start at π₯ equals
zero and move to the left. Weβll be considering the negative
values of π₯. As we move further and further to
the left, we get more and more negative values. Those are the smallest values π₯
can be. And this time, as we move to the
left, we see that the π¦-value is increasing. Itβs coming up. So, letβs think about our function
π¦ equals one over π₯. If we plug in negative 10 for π₯,
π¦ equals negative one-tenth. If we write that as a decimal, it
is negative 0.1. And if we make our π₯-value much
smaller, we could plug in negative 100. Negative 100 is less than negative
10 because negative 100 is to the left of negative 10 on a number line. And if we write negative one over
100 as a decimal, we get negative 0.01.

Looking at these two values, itβs a
little bit harder to see whatβs happening. But we can eliminate one
option. We can eliminate option (b) that
says the value of π¦ approaches β. If our function is one over π₯ and
weβre plugging in negative values for π₯, the outcome is going to be negative and,
therefore, will not be approaching positive β. If we look at our graph, we can
answer this question. This line is getting closer and
closer to the π₯-axis, and the π₯-axis is the place where π¦ equals zero. Negative one hundredth is smaller
than negative one-tenth. Negative one hundredth is closer to
zero. And so, we can say that the end
behavior as π₯ decreases is the value of π¦ will approach zero.

Part c: finally, by interpreting
the graph, what is happening to the function when the value of π₯ approaches
zero?

We have to remember that π₯ can
approach zero from the right side or from the left side. This is important because,
sometimes, the behavior as π₯ approaches zero from each side is different. As π₯ approaches zero from the
positive side, the graph is going up. As π₯ approaches zero from the
negative side, the graph is going down. The graph going up, we can say, is
approaching positive β. And the graph going down is then
approaching negative β. And so, we can say the value of π¦
approaches negative β when π₯ gets closer to zero from the negative direction, and
that π¦ approaches positive β when π₯ gets closer to zero from the positive
direction.

And so, weβve seen four different
behaviors. As π₯ decreases, the π¦-values
approach zero. As π₯ increases, the π¦-values
approach zero. As π₯ approaches zero from the
negative side, our π¦βs go toward negative β. And as π₯ approaches zero from the
positive side, our π¦-values go toward positive β.