### Video Transcript

William is baking pies. He wants to make six multiplied by
eight pies. Pick one way he could do this. A tray of six pies and another of
eight pies or six trays with eight pies on each tray?

Can you picture what’s happening in
this question? We’ve got William who must be in
the kitchen and he’s baking some pies. He knows how many he wants to bake,
but he doesn’t know how to do it. We’re told that he wants to make
six multiplied by eight pies. This symbol in between the number
six and eight is the multiplication symbol. We could also say six times
eight.

Now, for William to make six times
eight pies, he’s gonna have to understand what the multiplication symbol means. We’re given two possible ways he
could make his pies. Let’s sketch them quickly so we
understand what they’re talking about. The first answer says that he could
make a tray of six pies and then another with eight pies on it. It might look something like
this. The second answer says six trays
with eight pies on each tray. So, that’s six trays and then eight
pies on each of them.

Now, if we look at our first
picture, what can we see? We can see six pies and another
eight pies. And if we were going to use a
symbol in between six and eight here, we’d use the addition symbol, wouldn’t we? We’d say we have six plus eight
pies. This is not the same as
multiplying. But if we look at our second
picture, we could say we have six groups of eight or six lots of eight or even six
times eight. This is the same as multiplying,
isn’t it? If William wants to make six
multiplied by eight pies, we know he can do this by taking six trays with eight pies
on each tray.