Question Video: Multiplying Two Monomials Mathematics

Simplify 3π‘₯𝑦(4π‘₯³𝑦²).

02:03

Video Transcript

Simplify three π‘₯𝑦 times four π‘₯ cubed 𝑦 squared.

We need to think about what’s happening when we have a whole number and a list of variables behind it. We know that this means we’re multiplying three times π‘₯ times 𝑦. And inside the parentheses, we’re multiplying four times π‘₯ cubed times 𝑦 squared. What would it mean to multiply these values together? What would it look like? Well, it would look something like this: Three times π‘₯ times 𝑦 times four times π‘₯ cubed times 𝑦 squared. But if we wanted to simplify, we can do some regrouping. We could group the whole numbers together, three times four, and the π‘₯- terms together, π‘₯ times π‘₯ cubed, and then the 𝑦-terms together, 𝑦 times 𝑦 squared.

Three times four is 12. We know that π‘₯ is equal to π‘₯ to the first power. And we also know that π‘₯ to the π‘Ž power times π‘₯ to the 𝑏 power is equal to π‘₯ to the π‘Ž plus 𝑏 power. That means we need to add one plus three to get π‘₯ to the fourth power. And we’ll do the same thing for 𝑦, which will give us 𝑦 cubed. And we don’t need to have those multiplication signs between them. We can write them all together as 12π‘₯ to the fourth power 𝑦 cubed.

Now, these are quite a lot of steps. You might be wondering if you have to write this out every time. And you wouldn’t need to. This is just to show you where we get this from. Usually, if I was going to solve something like this, I would say that we need to multiply like terms. Three times four is 12 and π‘₯ to the first power times π‘₯ cubed equals π‘₯ to the fourth power. And finally, 𝑦 to the first power times 𝑦 squared is 𝑦 cubed. Both methods show the simplified form 12π‘₯ to the fourth 𝑦 cubed.

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